Constructing users in the smart grid - insights from the Danish eFlex project

Sophie Nyborg, Inge Røpke

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

55 Citations (Scopus)


The smart grid is promoted as one of the key elements in a low-carbon transition in many countries. In Denmark, the dominant framing of the smart grid emphasizes the challenge of integrating much more wind power into the electricity system and using electricity for heating (heat pumps) and transport (electric cars). In the process of radically transforming the electricity system, strategic system builders need to align many forces, including consumers, who play an important role in the functioning of such large networked systems. System builders need to explore, for instance, whether and how users can be motivated to be flexible in relation to moving electricity consumption over time. This paper reports on one of the first smart-grid-related projects in Denmark inwhich consumer aspects have been central and where potentials for flexibleelectricity consumption have been tested. The aim of the paper is to explorewhat can be learned from such experiments, and which roles they play in theconstruction of the smart grid. In this context, the concept of the ‘aligneduser’ is introduced
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Efficiency
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)655-670
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013

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