Control and Stability Analysis of Current-Controlled Grid-Connected Inverters in Asymmetrical Grids

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4 Citations (Scopus)


In symmetrical grids, single-input single-output (SISO) analysis/design tools are applicable for the analysis and design of grid-tied inverter systems as their average αβ-or dq-frame models are to a high extent decoupled (in the high-frequency range). In this way, designing the control system could be done in a straightforward manner. However, this is not the case under asymmetrical grids. In this condition, the interaction between different phases makes the average model of the grid-tied inverter a multi-input multioutput (MIMO) system, and therefore, complicated to analyze and design. To cope with this challenge, this article deals with deriving the MIMO control system considering the impact of the asymmetrical grid. Then, the MIMO system turns into two decoupled SISO systems. Thus, a simple yet accurate model is developed which intuitively demonstrates the effect of the grid asymmetry on creating coupling between current control loops. In this way, the stability analysis could be carried out irrespective of the MIMO system difficulties. The experimental results validate the accuracy of the proposed approach in asymmetrical grid conditions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)14252-14264
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Asymmetrical grids
  • Control systems
  • Damping
  • Impedance
  • Inverters
  • MIMO communication
  • MIMO system
  • Power system stability
  • Stability criteria
  • grid-connected inverters
  • interaction
  • stability
  • multi-input multioutput (MIMO) system


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