Control of Grid-Following Inverters under Unbalanced Grid Conditions

Seyed Fariborz Zarei, Hossein Mokhtari, Mohammad Amin Ghasemi, Saeed Peyghami, Pooya Davari, Frede Blaabjerg

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9 Citations (Scopus)
216 Downloads (Pure)


This paper proposes a new control scheme to eliminate the 3rd harmonic in the output currents of grid-following inverters under unbalanced grid conditions. Unbalanced grids adversely affect the performance of grid-following inverters due to the oscillations appearing on the DC-link voltage with a frequency twice the line frequency. The paper is based on instantaneous active reactive control (IARC) technique due to its advantages over other existing methods. However, the presence of severe asymmetrical 3rd harmonic distortions in the inverter output currents is the main challenge with IARC method, which impairs the power quality requirements. This paper enhances the IARC scheme by proposing a 3rd harmonic elimination approach by adopting a current reference generation method using the symmetric sequence components concept. Furthermore, the proposed scheme complies with the grid code requirements by injecting the requested reactive current. Finally, the proposed approach is evaluated by theoretical and simulation analysis and validated experimentally using a hardware setup.
Original languageEnglish
Article number8859288
JournalI E E E Transactions on Energy Conversion
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)184-192
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • Asymmetrical short circuit faults
  • DC-link voltage control
  • Grid-following inverters
  • Unbalanced grid conditions
  • output currents 3rd harmonics
  • unbalanced grid conditions
  • instantaneous active reactive control
  • grid-following inverters

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