A novel distributed optimal dispatch algorithm is proposed for coordinating the operation of multiple micro units in a microgrid, which has incorporated the distributed consensus algorithm in multi-agent systems and the -iteration optimization algorithm in economic dispatch of power systems. Specifically, the proposed algorithm considers the global active power constraint by adding a virtual pinner and it can deal with the optimization problem with any initial states. That is, it can realize the global optimization and avoid the defect of the initial conditions’ sensitivity in the optimization problem. On the other hand, the proposed optimization algorithm can either be used for off-line calculation or be utilized for on-line operation and has the ability to survive single-point failures and shows good robustness in the iteration process. Numerical studies in a seven bus microgrid demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.
|Journal||I E E E Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2017|
- Distributed λ-iteration
- Pinning consessus
- Optimal dispatch