De novo electrocardiographic abnormalities in persons living with HIV

Andreas D. Knudsen, Claus Graff, Jonas Bille Nielsen, Magda Teresa Thomsen, Julie Høgh, Thomas Benfield, Jan Gerstoft, Lars Køber, Klaus F. Kofoed, Susanne D. Nielsen*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Persons living with HIV (PLWH) may have increased incidence of cardiovascular events and longer QTc intervals than uninfected persons. We aimed to investigate the incidence and risk factors of de novo major electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities and QTc prolongation in well-treated PLWH. We included virologically suppressed PLWH without major ECG abnormalities, who attended the 2-year follow-up in the Copenhagen comorbidity in HIV infection (COCOMO) study. ECGs were categorized according to Minnesota Code Manual. We defined de novo major ECG abnormalities as new major Minnesota Code Manual abnormalities. Prolonged QTc was defined as QTc > 460 ms in females and QTc > 450 ms in males. Of 667 PLWH without major ECG abnormalities at baseline, 34 (5%) developed de novo major ECG abnormalities after a median of 2.3 years. After adjustment, age (RR: 1.57 [1.08–2.28] per decade older), being underweight (RR: 5.79 [1.70–19.71]), current smoking (RR: 2.34 [1.06–5.16]), diabetes (RR: 3.89 [1.72–8.80]) and protease inhibitor use (RR: 2.45 [1.27–4.74) were associated with higher risk of getting de novo major ECG abnormalities. Of PLWH without prolonged QTc at baseline, only 11 (1.6%) participants developed de novo prolonged QTc. Five percent of well-treated PLWH acquired de novo major ECG abnormalities and protease inhibitor use was associated with more than twice the risk of de novo major ECG abnormalities. De novo prolonged QTc was rare and did not seem to constitute a problem in well-treated PLWH.
Original languageEnglish
Article number20750
JournalScientific Reports
Volume11
Issue number1
Number of pages8
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2021

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© 2021. The Author(s).

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