Decoupling environmental impacts from the energy-intensive production of cement

the case of Aalborg Portland

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesisResearch

80 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Through the case of Aalborg Portland, this dissertation explores opportunities for an energy-intensive industry in Denmark to decouple its operations from the use of non-renewable resources and direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and thereby sets emission-reduction targets for 2030. Guidelines are provided to reach those emission-reduction targets through the use and distribution of by-products while keeping environmental impacts beyond the factory gates to a minimum. Findings show that using by-products within cement production and optimizing the distribution of excess heat is an effective way to reduce process and fuel emissions. However, this should be done with a good understanding of the markets. Because the availability of a by-product cannot adjust to the demand for it and because competition for good alternatives to virgin resources has increased, attention must be paid to reduce environmental impacts beyond the factory gates that may occur by way of demand displacement. Besides the use and distribution of by-products, increasing cement strength and investing in renewable energy also provide a significant reduction in GHG emissions.
More generally, this dissertation reflects on the role of life cycle assessment to support energy-intensive industries as they are pressed to find alternatives to the use of non-renewable resources.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherAalborg Universitetsforlag
Number of pages270
ISBN (Electronic)978-87-7210-237-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
SeriesPh.d.-serien for Det Tekniske Fakultet for IT og Design, Aalborg Universitet
ISSN2446-1628

Fingerprint

cement
environmental impact
nonrenewable resource
energy
greenhouse gas
industry
life cycle
market
by-product
resource
distribution
emission reduction
demand

Bibliographical note

PhD supervisor:
Prof. Arne Remmen, Aalborg University

Assistant PhD supervisor:
Prof. Brian V. Wæhrens, Aalborg University

Keywords

  • life cycle assessment
  • cement
  • greenhouse gas
  • non-renewable resources
  • waste
  • alternative fuels
  • consequential
  • residual materials
  • excess heat
  • wind turbines
  • renewable energy
  • concrete
  • carbon footprint
  • combustible waste
  • fly ash
  • supplementary cementitious materials
  • Aalborg Portland
  • industrial symbiosis

Keywords

  • life cycle assessment
  • cement
  • greenhouse gas
  • non-renewable resources
  • waste
  • alternative fuels
  • consequential
  • residual materials
  • excess heat
  • wind turbines
  • renewable energy
  • concrete
  • carbon footprint
  • combustible waste
  • fly ash
  • supplementary cementitious materials
  • Aalborg Portland
  • industrial symbiosis

Cite this

Sacchi, R. (2018). Decoupling environmental impacts from the energy-intensive production of cement: the case of Aalborg Portland. Aalborg Universitetsforlag. Ph.d.-serien for Det Tekniske Fakultet for IT og Design, Aalborg Universitet https://doi.org/10.5278/vbn.phd.tech.00046
Sacchi, Romain. / Decoupling environmental impacts from the energy-intensive production of cement : the case of Aalborg Portland. Aalborg Universitetsforlag, 2018. 270 p. (Ph.d.-serien for Det Tekniske Fakultet for IT og Design, Aalborg Universitet).
@phdthesis{46a411d6fb2f41f7b0030a516df6d017,
title = "Decoupling environmental impacts from the energy-intensive production of cement: the case of Aalborg Portland",
abstract = "Through the case of Aalborg Portland, this dissertation explores opportunities for an energy-intensive industry in Denmark to decouple its operations from the use of non-renewable resources and direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and thereby sets emission-reduction targets for 2030. Guidelines are provided to reach those emission-reduction targets through the use and distribution of by-products while keeping environmental impacts beyond the factory gates to a minimum. Findings show that using by-products within cement production and optimizing the distribution of excess heat is an effective way to reduce process and fuel emissions. However, this should be done with a good understanding of the markets. Because the availability of a by-product cannot adjust to the demand for it and because competition for good alternatives to virgin resources has increased, attention must be paid to reduce environmental impacts beyond the factory gates that may occur by way of demand displacement. Besides the use and distribution of by-products, increasing cement strength and investing in renewable energy also provide a significant reduction in GHG emissions.More generally, this dissertation reflects on the role of life cycle assessment to support energy-intensive industries as they are pressed to find alternatives to the use of non-renewable resources.",
keywords = "life cycle assessment, cement, greenhouse gas, non-renewable resources, waste, alternative fuels, consequential, residual materials, excess heat, wind turbines, renewable energy, concrete, carbon footprint, combustible waste, fly ash, supplementary cementitious materials, Aalborg Portland, industrial symbiosis",
author = "Romain Sacchi",
note = "PhD supervisor: Prof. Arne Remmen, Aalborg University Assistant PhD supervisor: Prof. Brian V. W{\ae}hrens, Aalborg University",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.5278/vbn.phd.tech.00046",
language = "English",
publisher = "Aalborg Universitetsforlag",

}

Sacchi, R 2018, Decoupling environmental impacts from the energy-intensive production of cement: the case of Aalborg Portland. Ph.d.-serien for Det Tekniske Fakultet for IT og Design, Aalborg Universitet, Aalborg Universitetsforlag. https://doi.org/10.5278/vbn.phd.tech.00046

Decoupling environmental impacts from the energy-intensive production of cement : the case of Aalborg Portland. / Sacchi, Romain.

Aalborg Universitetsforlag, 2018. 270 p. (Ph.d.-serien for Det Tekniske Fakultet for IT og Design, Aalborg Universitet).

Research output: Book/ReportPh.D. thesisResearch

TY - BOOK

T1 - Decoupling environmental impacts from the energy-intensive production of cement

T2 - the case of Aalborg Portland

AU - Sacchi, Romain

N1 - PhD supervisor: Prof. Arne Remmen, Aalborg University Assistant PhD supervisor: Prof. Brian V. Wæhrens, Aalborg University

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Through the case of Aalborg Portland, this dissertation explores opportunities for an energy-intensive industry in Denmark to decouple its operations from the use of non-renewable resources and direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and thereby sets emission-reduction targets for 2030. Guidelines are provided to reach those emission-reduction targets through the use and distribution of by-products while keeping environmental impacts beyond the factory gates to a minimum. Findings show that using by-products within cement production and optimizing the distribution of excess heat is an effective way to reduce process and fuel emissions. However, this should be done with a good understanding of the markets. Because the availability of a by-product cannot adjust to the demand for it and because competition for good alternatives to virgin resources has increased, attention must be paid to reduce environmental impacts beyond the factory gates that may occur by way of demand displacement. Besides the use and distribution of by-products, increasing cement strength and investing in renewable energy also provide a significant reduction in GHG emissions.More generally, this dissertation reflects on the role of life cycle assessment to support energy-intensive industries as they are pressed to find alternatives to the use of non-renewable resources.

AB - Through the case of Aalborg Portland, this dissertation explores opportunities for an energy-intensive industry in Denmark to decouple its operations from the use of non-renewable resources and direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and thereby sets emission-reduction targets for 2030. Guidelines are provided to reach those emission-reduction targets through the use and distribution of by-products while keeping environmental impacts beyond the factory gates to a minimum. Findings show that using by-products within cement production and optimizing the distribution of excess heat is an effective way to reduce process and fuel emissions. However, this should be done with a good understanding of the markets. Because the availability of a by-product cannot adjust to the demand for it and because competition for good alternatives to virgin resources has increased, attention must be paid to reduce environmental impacts beyond the factory gates that may occur by way of demand displacement. Besides the use and distribution of by-products, increasing cement strength and investing in renewable energy also provide a significant reduction in GHG emissions.More generally, this dissertation reflects on the role of life cycle assessment to support energy-intensive industries as they are pressed to find alternatives to the use of non-renewable resources.

KW - life cycle assessment

KW - cement

KW - greenhouse gas

KW - non-renewable resources

KW - waste

KW - alternative fuels

KW - consequential

KW - residual materials

KW - excess heat

KW - wind turbines

KW - renewable energy

KW - concrete

KW - carbon footprint

KW - combustible waste

KW - fly ash

KW - supplementary cementitious materials

KW - Aalborg Portland

KW - industrial symbiosis

U2 - 10.5278/vbn.phd.tech.00046

DO - 10.5278/vbn.phd.tech.00046

M3 - Ph.D. thesis

BT - Decoupling environmental impacts from the energy-intensive production of cement

PB - Aalborg Universitetsforlag

ER -

Sacchi R. Decoupling environmental impacts from the energy-intensive production of cement: the case of Aalborg Portland. Aalborg Universitetsforlag, 2018. 270 p. (Ph.d.-serien for Det Tekniske Fakultet for IT og Design, Aalborg Universitet). https://doi.org/10.5278/vbn.phd.tech.00046