Depression and cognitive sequelae registered within the first year among young Danish TBI survivors

Trine Okkerstrøm Ryttersgaard*, Jens Østergaard Riis, Søren Paaske Johnsen, Poul Henning Mogensen, Carsten Reidies Bjarkam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of the study was to determine the proportion of depression and cognitive sequelae among young (15-30 years) Danish TBI survivors referred to interdisciplinary evaluation through a nationwide government-initiated health initiative. The cross-sectional study is based on data from the “Danish register for young adults with acquired brain injury” on TBI survivors included from October 2013 to December 2016. The main measures were Major depression inventory, Trail making test A and B, Fluency, Word learning with selective reminding, Matrix reasoning, Coding and Glasgow outcome scale - extended (GOS-E). During the study period, 131 young TBI survivors were referred to one of five national outpatient clinics. Ninety-six had complete data and of these 14.6% fulfilled the ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for depression and 34.4% had cognitive sequelae. An association was found between depression and cognitive sequelae (p = 0.004). Patients with both depression and cognitive sequelae (n = 10) had a significantly lower mean score on GOS-E (p = 0.0001). Depression and cognitive sequelae were frequent and associated with a poorer global functional outcome among young TBI survivors referred within a year after trauma. This finding and the notion that only 20% of the expected TBI population was referred to this nationwide health initiative indicate an unacknowledged need for interdisciplinary follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Psychology
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)663-670
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • Adolescents
  • cognitive sequelae
  • depression
  • global functional outcome
  • governmental health initiative
  • traumatic brain injury


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