Power converter plays a significant role in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) energy generation systems, which is an alternative of distributed energy generation systems. So there creates a demand for high-quality power conditioning used in PEMFC systems. This article proposes a converter topology as a power interface and also introduced a multilevel inverter topology for various levels of operation. The converter steps up the input voltage to the rated voltage and transforms to the DC bus, the multilevel inverter converts the voltage to AC and feeds to AC loads. In this article, we develop an entire unit stack, which can produce an output with positive and zero sequences. The addition of H-bridge to the fundamental unit known to be an advance cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter resulting in the formation of all sequences like positive, zero and negative levels. The conventional multilevel inverters are compared with the proposed inverters in terms of switch count, DC sources, diodes, through which the lesser requirement of components in a multilevel inverter is possible to observe, which results in the reduction in cost, dv/dt stress, component space of the driver circuit. With this implementation, the better possibility of control, increase the quality of output, reliability of the inverter with a reduced THD, and stress. The converter output is tested and verified in MATLAB, and the respective results of the different levels like five, seven and fifteen of a single-phase cascaded inverter are tested experimentally and in MATLAB Simulink.
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- Multilevel inverter (MLI)
- proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC)
- Total harmonic distortion