Development of Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration Country Strategy: Experience from Nepal

Uma Shankar Pandey, Joshi Rai Janak, Raja Ram Chhatkuli, Stig Enemark, Danilo Antonio, Jagat Deuja

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Abstract

SUMMARY
Existing Nepalese Land Administration System (LAS) only deals with the formal or statutory land tenure system. Out of total arable land, approximately 75% is formally registered in the national cadaster. Remaining 25% with estimated 10 million physical parcels, mostly owned by socially and economically deprived (SED) classes are outside the formal cadaster and under constant fear of eviction. Further, unrecognized land tenure restricts the settlers for getting any compensation and government grants. Nepal Government is working on an integrated and consolidated land policy to address this shortcoming. The policy is aimed to recognize and respect all land tenure types. Therefore, the Nepalese LAS requires a new and innovative solution to be able to deliver security of tenure for all which is affordable, flexible and can be implemented to deliver results in a relatively short period. The Fit-for-Purpose (FFP) approach to land administration has emerged to meet these requirements. In this context, Nepal Government decided to develop land administration strategy for implementing progressive
provisions outlined in the new Nepalese Constitution, existing and proposed land policies in compliance with international instruments such as the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT), the New Urban Agenda, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and human rights frameworks. This paper outlines the process in developing such a strategy in Nepal based on FFP approach. Further, the paper summaries the results of the FFP country level strategy for Nepal with reference to the guiding principles and key provisions for
providing universal security of tenure across the entire country. The study finds that the FFP strategy is feasible and can be applied in developing countries as a quick and low-cost solution with reasonable accuracy to support good land governance to support continuum of land rights.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGeospatial information for a smarter life and environmental resilence : FIG Working Week 2019, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 22-26, 2019
Number of pages15
Publication dateApr 2019
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

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land tenure
tenure system
land rights
arable land
human rights
land
compliance
sustainable development
developing world
cost
policy

Keywords

  • Fit-For-Purpose, Land Administration System, Land Tenure, Informality

Cite this

Pandey, U. S., Janak, J. R., Chhatkuli, R. R., Enemark, S., Antonio, D., & Deuja, J. (2019). Development of Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration Country Strategy: Experience from Nepal. In Geospatial information for a smarter life and environmental resilence: FIG Working Week 2019, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 22-26, 2019
Pandey, Uma Shankar ; Janak, Joshi Rai ; Chhatkuli, Raja Ram ; Enemark, Stig ; Antonio, Danilo ; Deuja, Jagat. / Development of Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration Country Strategy: Experience from Nepal. Geospatial information for a smarter life and environmental resilence: FIG Working Week 2019, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 22-26, 2019. 2019.
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abstract = "SUMMARYExisting Nepalese Land Administration System (LAS) only deals with the formal or statutory land tenure system. Out of total arable land, approximately 75{\%} is formally registered in the national cadaster. Remaining 25{\%} with estimated 10 million physical parcels, mostly owned by socially and economically deprived (SED) classes are outside the formal cadaster and under constant fear of eviction. Further, unrecognized land tenure restricts the settlers for getting any compensation and government grants. Nepal Government is working on an integrated and consolidated land policy to address this shortcoming. The policy is aimed to recognize and respect all land tenure types. Therefore, the Nepalese LAS requires a new and innovative solution to be able to deliver security of tenure for all which is affordable, flexible and can be implemented to deliver results in a relatively short period. The Fit-for-Purpose (FFP) approach to land administration has emerged to meet these requirements. In this context, Nepal Government decided to develop land administration strategy for implementing progressiveprovisions outlined in the new Nepalese Constitution, existing and proposed land policies in compliance with international instruments such as the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT), the New Urban Agenda, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and human rights frameworks. This paper outlines the process in developing such a strategy in Nepal based on FFP approach. Further, the paper summaries the results of the FFP country level strategy for Nepal with reference to the guiding principles and key provisions forproviding universal security of tenure across the entire country. The study finds that the FFP strategy is feasible and can be applied in developing countries as a quick and low-cost solution with reasonable accuracy to support good land governance to support continuum of land rights.",
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Pandey, US, Janak, JR, Chhatkuli, RR, Enemark, S, Antonio, D & Deuja, J 2019, Development of Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration Country Strategy: Experience from Nepal. in Geospatial information for a smarter life and environmental resilence: FIG Working Week 2019, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 22-26, 2019.

Development of Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration Country Strategy: Experience from Nepal. / Pandey, Uma Shankar; Janak, Joshi Rai ; Chhatkuli, Raja Ram; Enemark, Stig; Antonio, Danilo; Deuja, Jagat.

Geospatial information for a smarter life and environmental resilence: FIG Working Week 2019, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 22-26, 2019. 2019.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Development of Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration Country Strategy: Experience from Nepal

AU - Pandey, Uma Shankar

AU - Janak, Joshi Rai

AU - Chhatkuli, Raja Ram

AU - Enemark, Stig

AU - Antonio, Danilo

AU - Deuja, Jagat

PY - 2019/4

Y1 - 2019/4

N2 - SUMMARYExisting Nepalese Land Administration System (LAS) only deals with the formal or statutory land tenure system. Out of total arable land, approximately 75% is formally registered in the national cadaster. Remaining 25% with estimated 10 million physical parcels, mostly owned by socially and economically deprived (SED) classes are outside the formal cadaster and under constant fear of eviction. Further, unrecognized land tenure restricts the settlers for getting any compensation and government grants. Nepal Government is working on an integrated and consolidated land policy to address this shortcoming. The policy is aimed to recognize and respect all land tenure types. Therefore, the Nepalese LAS requires a new and innovative solution to be able to deliver security of tenure for all which is affordable, flexible and can be implemented to deliver results in a relatively short period. The Fit-for-Purpose (FFP) approach to land administration has emerged to meet these requirements. In this context, Nepal Government decided to develop land administration strategy for implementing progressiveprovisions outlined in the new Nepalese Constitution, existing and proposed land policies in compliance with international instruments such as the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT), the New Urban Agenda, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and human rights frameworks. This paper outlines the process in developing such a strategy in Nepal based on FFP approach. Further, the paper summaries the results of the FFP country level strategy for Nepal with reference to the guiding principles and key provisions forproviding universal security of tenure across the entire country. The study finds that the FFP strategy is feasible and can be applied in developing countries as a quick and low-cost solution with reasonable accuracy to support good land governance to support continuum of land rights.

AB - SUMMARYExisting Nepalese Land Administration System (LAS) only deals with the formal or statutory land tenure system. Out of total arable land, approximately 75% is formally registered in the national cadaster. Remaining 25% with estimated 10 million physical parcels, mostly owned by socially and economically deprived (SED) classes are outside the formal cadaster and under constant fear of eviction. Further, unrecognized land tenure restricts the settlers for getting any compensation and government grants. Nepal Government is working on an integrated and consolidated land policy to address this shortcoming. The policy is aimed to recognize and respect all land tenure types. Therefore, the Nepalese LAS requires a new and innovative solution to be able to deliver security of tenure for all which is affordable, flexible and can be implemented to deliver results in a relatively short period. The Fit-for-Purpose (FFP) approach to land administration has emerged to meet these requirements. In this context, Nepal Government decided to develop land administration strategy for implementing progressiveprovisions outlined in the new Nepalese Constitution, existing and proposed land policies in compliance with international instruments such as the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure (VGGT), the New Urban Agenda, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and human rights frameworks. This paper outlines the process in developing such a strategy in Nepal based on FFP approach. Further, the paper summaries the results of the FFP country level strategy for Nepal with reference to the guiding principles and key provisions forproviding universal security of tenure across the entire country. The study finds that the FFP strategy is feasible and can be applied in developing countries as a quick and low-cost solution with reasonable accuracy to support good land governance to support continuum of land rights.

KW - Fit-For-Purpose, Land Administration System, Land Tenure, Informality

UR - http://www.fig.net/resources/proceedings/fig_proceedings/fig2019/techprog.htm

M3 - Article in proceeding

BT - Geospatial information for a smarter life and environmental resilence

ER -

Pandey US, Janak JR, Chhatkuli RR, Enemark S, Antonio D, Deuja J. Development of Fit-For-Purpose Land Administration Country Strategy: Experience from Nepal. In Geospatial information for a smarter life and environmental resilence: FIG Working Week 2019, Hanoi, Vietnam, April 22-26, 2019. 2019