Development of professional identity among dental students – A qualitative study

Xiangyun Du, Jumma O.S. Al Khabuli, Raidan A.S. Ba Hattab, Aala Daud, Nebu I. Philip, Lamyia Anweigi, Manal Matoug-Elwerfelli, Kamran Ali*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Purpose: The study explored dental students’ perception of their professional identity (PI) development at a newly established dental college with a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. Methods: Qualitative methods based on focus groups were used for data collection. The conceptual framework of the study was informed by a subject-centered sociocultural approach to PI development. Purposive sampling was used to collect data from five focus groups of undergraduate dental students to gain a deeper understanding of their PI development in a PBL environment. Results: Out of a total of 38 dental students in years 2 and 3, 34 students (89.47%) participated in the focus groups. A theory-driven thematic analysis was used to dissect the views and experiences of the participants to explore factors contributing to PI development in the early years of the program. At an individual level, PBL was seen to be appropriate for PI development. However, some participants placed more emphasis on practical training in operative dental skills. Relational sources especially role modeling by the PBL facilitators and faculty staff were identified as a key factor to nurture PI development. Mixed views were observed on the value of PBL to enhance team-working skills. The participants also identified challenges of PBL and provided recommendations on further improvements to enhance the learning experiences of the students. Conclusions: This study provided useful insights into a PBL curriculum at a newly established dental institution. The findings underscore the value of PBL in developing PI and also highlight the challenges of implementing PBL in a socio-cultural context and pedagogical implications for further program improvement.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Dental Education
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)93-100
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank all the student participants for their contribution to this research. Open access funding was provided by the Qatar National Library.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Journal of Dental Education published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Dental Education Association.


  • dental students
  • dentistry
  • problem-based learning
  • professional identity
  • Problem-Based Learning/methods
  • Learning
  • Students, Dental
  • Humans
  • Curriculum
  • Qualitative Research


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