Diagnosis of Lithium-Ion Batteries State-of-Health based on Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Technique

Daniel Ioan Stroe, Maciej Jozef Swierczynski, Ana-Irina Stan, Vaclav Knap, Remus Teodorescu, Søren Juhl Andreasen

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

57 Citations (Scopus)
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Lithium-ion batteries have developed into a popular energy storage choice for a wide range of applications because of their superior characteristics in comparison to other energy storage technologies. Besides modelling the performance behavior of Lithium-ion batteries, it has become of huge interest to accurately diagnose their state-of-health (SOH). At present, Lithium-ion batteries are diagnosed by performing capacity or resistance (current pulse) measurements; however, in the majority of the cases, these measurements are time consuming and result in changing the state of the battery as well. This paper investigates the use of the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) technique for SOH diagnosis of Lithium-ion battery cells, instead of using the aforementioned techniques, since this new method allows for online and direct measurement of the battery cell response in any working point. For the investigation, a 2.5 Ah Lithium-ion battery cell based on lithium iron phosphate and graphite (LiFePO4/C), as active material, was used. The obtained results at different battery SOH levels have been analyzed in detail and are suggesting that the EIS technique represents a promising tool for diagnosis the lithium-ion battery cells’ SOH; meaningful results regarding the pulse power capability decrease of the tested Li-ion battery cells were obtained by applying the EIS technique.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2014 Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)
PublisherIEEE Press
Publication dateSep 2014
ISBN (Print)978-1-4799-5776-7
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014
Event2014 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE) - Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, United States
Duration: 14 Sep 201418 Sep 2014


Conference2014 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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