Does Smartphone Use Drive our Emotions or vice versa? A Causal Analysis

Zhanna Sarsenbayeva, Gabriele Marini, Niels van Berkel, Chu Luo, Weiwei Jiang, Kangning Yang, Greg Wadley, Tilman Dingler, Vassilis Kostakos, Jorge Goncalves

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate the existence of a bidirectional causal relationship between smartphone application use and user emotions. In a two-week long in-the-wild study with 30 participants we captured 502,851 instances of smartphone application use in tandem with corresponding emotional data from facial expressions. Our analysis shows that while in most cases application use drives user emotions, multiple application categories exist for which the causal effect is in the opposite direction. Our findings shed light on the relationship between smartphone use and emotional states. We furthermore discuss the opportunities for research and practice that arise from our findings and their potential to support emotional well-being.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ACM SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
Number of pages15
Publication date2020
Pages1-15
Article number3376163
ISBN (Electronic)9781450367080
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventCHI 2020: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Honolulu, United States
Duration: 25 Apr 202030 Jun 2020

Conference

ConferenceCHI 2020: CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period25/04/202030/06/2020

Keywords

  • emotion detection
  • emotional well-being
  • emotions
  • mobile application use
  • mobile interaction
  • smartphones

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