Dynamics and Control of the GyrpPTO Wave Energy Point Absorber under Sea Waves

Zili Zhang, Søren R. K. Nielsen, Biswajit Basu

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The Gyroscopic Power Take-Off (GyroPTO) wave energy point absorber has the operational principle somewhat similar to the so-called gyroscopic hand wrist exerciser. Inside the float of GyroPTO, there is a mechanical system made up of a spinning flywheel with its spin axis in rolling contact to a ring. At certain conditions, the ring starts to rotate at a frequency equal to the excitation angular frequency. In this synchronized state, the generator is running at almost constant speed and the generated power becomes constant. In this paper, theoretical modeling of the GyroPTO device is carried out based on analytical rigid body dynamics, and a 3-DOF nonlinear model is established. Simulation results show that synchronization of the device is maintained under harmonic sea wave, but is lost easily under non-harmonic sea waves.To overcome this problem, a magnetic coupling mechanism is added between the spin axis and the flywheel, which also makes semi-active control of the device possible. A 4-DOF model is then established, and simulation results show the introduced magnetic coupling successfully enables synchronization of the device under non-harmonic sea waves.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProcedia Engineering
Pages (from-to)1828–1833
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventThe X International Conference on Structural Dynamics, EURODYN 2017 - Sapienza University of Rome, Rom, Italy
Duration: 10 Sep 201713 Sep 2017
Conference number: 10


ConferenceThe X International Conference on Structural Dynamics, EURODYN 2017
LocationSapienza University of Rome


  • Gyroscopic power take-off
  • Wave energy converter
  • Dynamics
  • Control
  • Synchronization


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