Educating Tourists for Global Citizenship

A Microfinance Tourism Providers’ Perspective

Giang Thi Linh Phi, Michelle Whitford, Dianne Dredge, Sasha Reid

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ethical tourism initiatives have increasingly been framed as tools to educate tourists about global citizenship (GC), yet it is unclear how these initiatives are conceptualised, planned and implemented by tourism providers. This paper focuses on a form of ethical tourism known as microfinance tourism (MFT). It critically explores MFT providers’ perspectives on what constitutes the goals of educating tourists about GC and how MFT can be designed and implemented to achieve these goals. The study adopted a qualitative approach utilising in-depth interviews with twelve key informants from six MFT organisations in Tanzania, Mexico, Jordan and Vietnam. The results reveal that MFT providers rely on an experiential learning process to educate tourists. However, as part of this learning process, MFT initiatives are located on a continuum, constituting those initiatives designed to increase tourists’ compassion and philanthropic actions (i.e., ‘thin’ GC) through to those initiatives seeking to build solidarity and global discussions between tourists in order to challenge the structures that perpetuate global injustice (i.e., ‘thick’ GC). These results highlight the diversity of tourism providers’ perspectives pertaining to GC, the effect diversity has on the design of tourism initiatives, and the resultant outcomes of GC education utilising ethical tourism.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTourism Recreation Research
Volume42
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)235-247
Number of pages13
ISSN0250-8281
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

microfinance
citizenship
tourist
tourism
Tourism
Microfinance
Citizenship
Tourists
learning process
learning
Jordan
Tanzania
Vietnam
solidarity
Mexico

Keywords

  • global citizenship
  • education
  • micro-finance
  • Tourism
  • Experiential learning

Cite this

Phi, Giang Thi Linh ; Whitford, Michelle ; Dredge, Dianne ; Reid, Sasha. / Educating Tourists for Global Citizenship : A Microfinance Tourism Providers’ Perspective. In: Tourism Recreation Research. 2017 ; Vol. 42, No. 2. pp. 235-247 .
@article{723c009cbfb84747bfc743957f2120a6,
title = "Educating Tourists for Global Citizenship: A Microfinance Tourism Providers’ Perspective",
abstract = "Ethical tourism initiatives have increasingly been framed as tools to educate tourists about global citizenship (GC), yet it is unclear how these initiatives are conceptualised, planned and implemented by tourism providers. This paper focuses on a form of ethical tourism known as microfinance tourism (MFT). It critically explores MFT providers’ perspectives on what constitutes the goals of educating tourists about GC and how MFT can be designed and implemented to achieve these goals. The study adopted a qualitative approach utilising in-depth interviews with twelve key informants from six MFT organisations in Tanzania, Mexico, Jordan and Vietnam. The results reveal that MFT providers rely on an experiential learning process to educate tourists. However, as part of this learning process, MFT initiatives are located on a continuum, constituting those initiatives designed to increase tourists’ compassion and philanthropic actions (i.e., ‘thin’ GC) through to those initiatives seeking to build solidarity and global discussions between tourists in order to challenge the structures that perpetuate global injustice (i.e., ‘thick’ GC). These results highlight the diversity of tourism providers’ perspectives pertaining to GC, the effect diversity has on the design of tourism initiatives, and the resultant outcomes of GC education utilising ethical tourism.",
keywords = "global citizenship, education, micro-finance, Tourism, Experiential learning",
author = "Phi, {Giang Thi Linh} and Michelle Whitford and Dianne Dredge and Sasha Reid",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1080/02508281.2017.1290738",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "235--247",
journal = "Tourism Recreation Research",
issn = "0250-8281",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

Educating Tourists for Global Citizenship : A Microfinance Tourism Providers’ Perspective. / Phi, Giang Thi Linh; Whitford, Michelle; Dredge, Dianne; Reid, Sasha.

In: Tourism Recreation Research, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2017, p. 235-247 .

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Educating Tourists for Global Citizenship

T2 - A Microfinance Tourism Providers’ Perspective

AU - Phi, Giang Thi Linh

AU - Whitford, Michelle

AU - Dredge, Dianne

AU - Reid, Sasha

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Ethical tourism initiatives have increasingly been framed as tools to educate tourists about global citizenship (GC), yet it is unclear how these initiatives are conceptualised, planned and implemented by tourism providers. This paper focuses on a form of ethical tourism known as microfinance tourism (MFT). It critically explores MFT providers’ perspectives on what constitutes the goals of educating tourists about GC and how MFT can be designed and implemented to achieve these goals. The study adopted a qualitative approach utilising in-depth interviews with twelve key informants from six MFT organisations in Tanzania, Mexico, Jordan and Vietnam. The results reveal that MFT providers rely on an experiential learning process to educate tourists. However, as part of this learning process, MFT initiatives are located on a continuum, constituting those initiatives designed to increase tourists’ compassion and philanthropic actions (i.e., ‘thin’ GC) through to those initiatives seeking to build solidarity and global discussions between tourists in order to challenge the structures that perpetuate global injustice (i.e., ‘thick’ GC). These results highlight the diversity of tourism providers’ perspectives pertaining to GC, the effect diversity has on the design of tourism initiatives, and the resultant outcomes of GC education utilising ethical tourism.

AB - Ethical tourism initiatives have increasingly been framed as tools to educate tourists about global citizenship (GC), yet it is unclear how these initiatives are conceptualised, planned and implemented by tourism providers. This paper focuses on a form of ethical tourism known as microfinance tourism (MFT). It critically explores MFT providers’ perspectives on what constitutes the goals of educating tourists about GC and how MFT can be designed and implemented to achieve these goals. The study adopted a qualitative approach utilising in-depth interviews with twelve key informants from six MFT organisations in Tanzania, Mexico, Jordan and Vietnam. The results reveal that MFT providers rely on an experiential learning process to educate tourists. However, as part of this learning process, MFT initiatives are located on a continuum, constituting those initiatives designed to increase tourists’ compassion and philanthropic actions (i.e., ‘thin’ GC) through to those initiatives seeking to build solidarity and global discussions between tourists in order to challenge the structures that perpetuate global injustice (i.e., ‘thick’ GC). These results highlight the diversity of tourism providers’ perspectives pertaining to GC, the effect diversity has on the design of tourism initiatives, and the resultant outcomes of GC education utilising ethical tourism.

KW - global citizenship

KW - education

KW - micro-finance

KW - Tourism

KW - Experiential learning

U2 - 10.1080/02508281.2017.1290738

DO - 10.1080/02508281.2017.1290738

M3 - Journal article

VL - 42

SP - 235

EP - 247

JO - Tourism Recreation Research

JF - Tourism Recreation Research

SN - 0250-8281

IS - 2

ER -