Effects of nitrogen source heterogeneity on nutrient removal and biodiesel production of mono- and mix-cultured microalgae

Liandong Zhu*, Shuangxi Li, Tianyi Hu, Yohanes Kristianto Nugroho, Zhihong Yin, Dan Hu, Ruoyu Chu, Fan Mo, Chenchen Liu, Erkki Hiltunen

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of nitrogen source inhomogeneity on nutrient removal and biodiesel production of mono- and mix-cultured microalgae were investigated in this study. The microalgal growth characteristics, lipid accumulation, biodiesel production and nutrient removal were determined by mono- or co-culturing microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus dimorphus in media with different nitrogen sources. The results showed that microalgae cultivated in media with different nitrogen sources indicated higher nitrogen removal, biomass increase and productivities of biomass, lipids and biodiesel than media with the sole nitrogen source. As for the microalgae grown in media with the same nitrogen source, the pattern for the lipid content was in the relationship C. vulgaris > mixed culture > S. dimorphus. The fatty acids of microalgae mainly consisted of C16:0, C16:1, C18:0, C18:2 and C18:3, accounting for 79.6–90.6% of the total. The biodiesel production in this study ranged from 8.5 to 11.2 g-biodiesel/100 g-dry weight. This study presents one of the few studies, suggesting that nitrogen source itself can influence the nutrient removal and biodiesel production of mono- and mix-cultured microalgae.
Original languageEnglish
Article number112144
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume201
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
ISSN0196-8904
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

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Keywords

  • Biodiesel productivity
  • Chlorella vulgaris
  • Microalgae
  • Nitrogen source
  • Nutrient removal
  • Scenedesmus dimorphus

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