Embouchure Interaction Model for Brass Instruments

Rares Stefan Alecu, Stefania Serafin, Silvin Willemsen, Emanuele Parravicini, Stefano Lucato

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

37 Downloads (Pure)


A common approach for simulating brass instrument sounds is that of a mass-spring system strongly coupled to an air tube resonator of a certain length. This approach, while yielding good quality timbre results for the synthesized audio, does not aid expressive sound synthesis. An improvement of this modeling design is proposed, which takes into account the independent movement of the embouchure and its influence on the sound. To achieve this interaction, vortex-induced vibration (VIV) is taken into account as an additional source of excitation for the mass-spring system.
In addition to this, the model also simulates breath noise of a brass instrument player, which is dependent of the embouchure's aperture dimensionality. The end result is a real-time VST application of a brass instrument with augmented embouchure interaction. The process loop of the VST is presented step-by-step and the application is evaluated both through informal listening and spectral measurements. From this evaluation, the model showcases a more varied and veridic timbre of brass sound, that supports a more expressive playing style.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 17th Sound and Music Computing Conference
EditorsSimone Spagnol, Andrea Valle
Number of pages8
PublisherAxea sas/SMC Network
Publication dateJun 2020
ISBN (Electronic)978-88-945415-0-2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020
Event17th Sound and Music Computing Conference - Torino, Italy
Duration: 24 Jun 202026 Jun 2020
Conference number: 17


Conference17th Sound and Music Computing Conference
Internet address
SeriesProceedings of the Sound and Music Computing Conference


  • physical modelling
  • brass
  • embouchure
  • finite difference

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Embouchure Interaction Model for Brass Instruments'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this