Energy flexibility of office buildings – Potential of different building types

Mingzhe Liu, Hicham Johra, Per Heiselberg, Ivan Kolev, Kremena Pavlova

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The objective of this study is to investigate and assess the energy flexibility performance of typical Danish office buildings constructed at different periods. Four building study cases have been compared with different heating demands, structural thermal masses, envelope insulation levels and infiltration rates. All cases are equipped with the same novel two-pipe heating and cooling system. Each case is divided in four subcases with variations of heat gains: people load, lighting load, equipment load, solar gain. Analyses and comparisons have been performed on different parameters, including power load shifting and grid adjustment, comfort level, and economical benefits. All investigated cases are tested with two control strategies: a normal reference control strategy and an energy flexibility control. The flexible controller adjusts the indoor temperature set points for heating and cooling depending on different energy price levels.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCLIMA 2019 Congress
Number of pages5
PublisherEDP Sciences
Publication date2019
Article number01052
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventCLIMA 2019: REHVA 13th HVAC World Congress - Bucharest, Romania
Duration: 26 May 201929 May 2019
Conference number: 13


ConferenceCLIMA 2019
SeriesE3S Web of Conferences


  • Building energy flexibility

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