Energy systems impacts of reverse osmosis and thermal desalination in Jordan

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Abstract

Climate change mitigation calls for energy systems minimising end-use demands, optimising the fuel efficiency of conversion systems, increasing the use of renewable energy sources and exploiting synergies wherever possible. In parallel, global fresh water resources are strained due to amongst others population and wealth increase and competitive water uses from agriculture and industry is causing many nations to turn to desalination technologies. This paper investigates a Jordanian energy scenario with two different desalination technologies; reverse osmosis (RO) driven by electricity and Multi Stage Flash (MSF) desalination driven by Cogeneration of Heat and Power (CHP). The two systems impact the energy systems in different ways due to the technologies’ particular characteristics. The systems are analyses in energy systems analysis model EnergyPLAN to determine the impacts on energy systems performance. Results indicate that RO and MSF are similar in fuel use. While there is no use of waste heat from condensing mode plants, efficiencies for CHP and MSF are not sufficiently good to result in lower fuel usage than RO. The Jordanian energy system is somewhat inflexible giving cause to Critical Excess Electricity Production (CEEP) even at relatively modest wind power penetrations. Here RO assists the energy system in decreasing CEEP – and even more if water storage is applied.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBook of Abstracts: 8th CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY, WATER AND ENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS
Number of pages15
PublisherFaculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb
Publication dateSep 2013
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013
Event8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems - Dubrovnik, Croatia
Duration: 22 Sep 201327 Sep 2013
http://www.dubrovnik2013.sdewes.org/

Conference

Conference8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems
CountryCroatia
CityDubrovnik
Period22/09/201327/09/2013
Internet address

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Reverse osmosis
Desalination
Electricity
Waste heat
Water resources
Climate change
Agriculture
Wind power
Water
Systems analysis
Hot Temperature
Industry

Cite this

Østergaard, P. A., Lund, H., & Mathiesen, B. V. (2013). Energy systems impacts of reverse osmosis and thermal desalination in Jordan. In Book of Abstracts: 8th CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY, WATER AND ENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb.
Østergaard, Poul Alberg ; Lund, Henrik ; Mathiesen, Brian Vad. / Energy systems impacts of reverse osmosis and thermal desalination in Jordan. Book of Abstracts: 8th CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY, WATER AND ENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb, 2013.
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abstract = "Climate change mitigation calls for energy systems minimising end-use demands, optimising the fuel efficiency of conversion systems, increasing the use of renewable energy sources and exploiting synergies wherever possible. In parallel, global fresh water resources are strained due to amongst others population and wealth increase and competitive water uses from agriculture and industry is causing many nations to turn to desalination technologies. This paper investigates a Jordanian energy scenario with two different desalination technologies; reverse osmosis (RO) driven by electricity and Multi Stage Flash (MSF) desalination driven by Cogeneration of Heat and Power (CHP). The two systems impact the energy systems in different ways due to the technologies’ particular characteristics. The systems are analyses in energy systems analysis model EnergyPLAN to determine the impacts on energy systems performance. Results indicate that RO and MSF are similar in fuel use. While there is no use of waste heat from condensing mode plants, efficiencies for CHP and MSF are not sufficiently good to result in lower fuel usage than RO. The Jordanian energy system is somewhat inflexible giving cause to Critical Excess Electricity Production (CEEP) even at relatively modest wind power penetrations. Here RO assists the energy system in decreasing CEEP – and even more if water storage is applied.",
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Østergaard, PA, Lund, H & Mathiesen, BV 2013, Energy systems impacts of reverse osmosis and thermal desalination in Jordan. in Book of Abstracts: 8th CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY, WATER AND ENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb, 8th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, Dubrovnik, Croatia, 22/09/2013.

Energy systems impacts of reverse osmosis and thermal desalination in Jordan. / Østergaard, Poul Alberg; Lund, Henrik; Mathiesen, Brian Vad.

Book of Abstracts: 8th CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY, WATER AND ENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

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Østergaard PA, Lund H, Mathiesen BV. Energy systems impacts of reverse osmosis and thermal desalination in Jordan. In Book of Abstracts: 8th CONFERENCE ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF ENERGY, WATER AND ENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, Zagreb. 2013