Energy transition on islands: redesigning energy policies for alignment

Hannah Mareike Marczinkowski

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The energy transition is taking place across the globe prompted by the stipulations of the Paris Agreement resulting in more targets, more ambition and renewable energy facilities flourishing everywhere. Yet, to meet targets, fit-for-purpose institutional set-ups are just as needed as the technical transition itself. While market regulation and policy design proposals are created or amended to enable the attainment of global long-term targets, the alignment of these for the transition on remote places, like islands, is limited. Based on technical scenarios for the transition of three case islands, this paper investigates market and policy proposals that will support the technical energy transition. This is based on a literature study of common policy areas in combination with local stakeholder engagement and their responses to suggested proposals. The paper presents a comparative study and design approach for Samsø (DK), Orkney (UK) and Madeira (PT), but with transcendent solutions and replicability to other islands, placing them in the global discussions of energy policy transitions. Results indicate a misalignment between islands as well as with general policies. The recommendations propose to redesign energy policies for a better inclusion of islands.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Policy
Publication statusSubmitted - Jan 2022


  • energy transition
  • policy design
  • policy alignment
  • island energy


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