Enhanced bonding between TiO2-Graphene oxide

Usuma Naknikham, Vittorio Buffa, Yuanzheng Yue

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Since an increasing number of emerging pollutants has been found in wastewater and natural water systems [1], many researchers are developing new synergy-effective methods for their abatement [2]. In this context, we fabricate titanium dioxide-graphene oxide (TiO2-GO) heterostructures as photocatalysts, which can efficiently react with organic species under solar light and can enhance the adsorption of water pollutants [3]. Many studies have shown that TiO2-GO heterostructures can quickly mineralize organic dyes in solution under UV-light. However, it is not clear if these materials can provide the same performances under sunlight and with complex real water systems. Hence, this research aims to study the photocatalystic property on GO-TiO2 composites with aqueous solutions of selected emerging pollutants under visible light. The samples were synthesized via the in-situ sol-gel nucleation and growth of TiO2 nanoparticles on GO sheets at 1wt% of GO and pH 6 for 4 hours under thermal [4] or hydrothermal synthesis. The structure and the properties of the new materials were studied by varying the synthesis conditions. The morphology of such composites was characterized by XRD, SEM and TEM analysis. Besides, the study of Ti-O-C and Ti-C interface bonding was carried out using XPS. The band-gap energy was determined using a UV-VIS spectrophotometer equipped with an integrating sphere. Thus, it was possible for us to determine the reactivity of the new photocatalysts under the visible light. Finally, the photocatalytic performances of the GO-TiO2 heterostructures were examined on the model pollutants in a solar simulator.

[1] Bruce et al,Water Research, 72, 3-27, (2015)
[2] Vittorio et al, Carbon, 118, 458-466, (2017)
[3] Li et al., Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 201, 470-478, (2017)
[4] U. et al., to be submitted
Original languageEnglish
Publication date24 Sept 2017
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2017
EventGraphene Week 2017 - Divani Caravel Hotel, Athens , Greece
Duration: 24 Sept 201729 Sept 2017


ConferenceGraphene Week 2017
LocationDivani Caravel Hotel


  • TiO2-Graphene oxide
  • photocatalysts
  • heterostructures


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