Entrepreneurship within Urban and Rural Areas: Creative People and Social Network

L. Carlos Freire-Gibb, Kristian Nielsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

79 Citations (Scopus)


The entrepreneurial dynamics of urban and rural areas are different, and this paper explores creativity and social networks factors in both places. The probabilities of becoming an entrepreneur and of surviving are analyzed. The results are based on longitudinal data combined with a questionnaire, utilizing responses from 1,108 entrepreneurs and 420 non-entrepreneurs. Creativity is only found to be relevant for start-up in urban areas, but it does not influence survival in any of the two areas. The social network matters, in particular in rural areas. By combining the person and the environment, common entrepreneurship beliefs can be questioned and entrepreneurship theory benefited.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRegional Studies
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)139-153
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014


  • entrepreneurship
  • urban
  • rural
  • creativity
  • social network


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