Environmental Dispatch Strategies for Onshore Power Systems

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2 Citations (Scopus)


Decarbonizing issues from ship transportation during visiting a port offer a few alternatives. Among them is the electrification onshore power system known as cold ironing that provides electric power from the shoreside to the visiting ship at port, replacing auxiliary engines-fossil fuel-based. This paper presents four different environmental dispatch strategies for cold ironing system to minimize both cost and environmental impact while meeting seaport operation constraints. The problem formulation was formulated as quadratic constrained programming (QCP) model and solved in GAMS optimization by using the CANOPT solver. The Pareto optimal front from the simulation offers port operators decision-making options that suit their priority objective function. Furthermore, sensitivity analysis for various load values in the optimization model gives insight into any changes in dispatching patterns as the load changes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIECON 2022 - 48th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society
Publication date2022
ISBN (Electronic)9781665480253
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event48th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2022 - Brussels, Belgium
Duration: 17 Oct 202220 Oct 2022


Conference48th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2022
SeriesIECON Proceedings (Industrial Electronics Conference)

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENT This research work was supported by a Villum Investigator grant (no. 25920) from The Villum Fonden; University Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP); and Ministry of EducationMalaysia.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 IEEE.


  • Cold ironing
  • electrification
  • emission
  • energy management
  • optimization
  • pareto


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