Ethnic differences in CT derived abdominal body composition measures: a comparative retrospect pilot study between European and Inuit study population

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Understanding ethnic variations in body composition is crucial for assessing health risks. Universal models may not suit all ethnicities, and there is limited data on the Inuit population. This study aimed to compare body composition between Inuit and European adults using computed tomography (CT) scans and to investigate the influence of demographics on these measurements. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 50 adults (29 Inuit and 21 European) who underwent standard trauma CT scans. Measurements focused on skeletal muscle index (SMI), various fat indices, and densities at the third lumbar vertebra level, analyzed using the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test and multiple linear regression. Inuit women showed larger fat tissue indices and lower muscle and fat densities than European women. Differences in men were less pronouncehd, with only Intramuscular fat density being lower among Inuit men. Regression indicated that SMI was higher among men, and skeletal muscle density decreased with Inuit ethnicity and age, while visceral fat index was positively associated with age. This study suggests ethnic differences in body composition measures particularly among women, and indicates the need for Inuit-specific body composition models. It higlights the importance of further research into Inuit-specific body composition measurements for better health risk assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2312663
JournalInternational Journal of Circumpolar Health
Volume83
Issue number1
ISSN1239-9736
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Body Composition/physiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inuit
  • Male
  • Pilot Projects
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
  • abdominal fat
  • abdomen
  • Caucasian
  • Body composition
  • skeletal muscle
  • x-ray computed tomography

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Ethnic differences in CT derived abdominal body composition measures: a comparative retrospect pilot study between European and Inuit study population'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this