Euler–Lagrange simulation of gas–solid pipe flow with smooth and rough wall boundary conditions

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Numerical simulation of upward turbulent particle-laden pipe flow is performed with the intention to reveal the influence of surface roughness on the velocity statistics of the particle phase. A rough wall collision model, which models the surface as being sinusoidal, is proposed to account for the wall boundary condition ranging for smooth surfaces to very rough surfaces. This model accounts for the entire range of possible surface roughness found in pipes and industrial pneumatic equipment from smooth plastic pipes over machined steel pipes to cast iron surfaces. The model is based on a geometric interpretation of the wall collision process where the particle restitution coefficient is based on the data presented by Sommerfeld and Huber [1]. Simulations are performed using the Eulerian–Lagrangian methodology for the dilute one-way coupling regime. Results are reported for 3 different sizes of glass spheres: 50 μm, 200 μm and 550 μm and evaluated using the data by Mathisen et al. [2]. The results reveal the dependence of the particle concentration, particle mean and particle RMS velocity profiles on the surface roughness. Significant differences can be seen for the particle RMS velocity profiles as the mean motion changes from motion mainly in the axial direction for the smooth surface condition to bouncing motion between the pipe sides for the fully rough surface condition.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPowder Technology
Pages (from-to)32-42
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Surface roughness
  • Particle-wall interaction
  • Gas-solid flow
  • CFD


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