Evaluating Maximum Photovoltaic Integration in District Distribution Systems Considering Optimal Inverter Dispatch and Cloud Shading Conditions

Tao Ding, Yu Kou, Yongheng Yang, Yiyang Zhang, Huan Yan, Frede Blaabjerg

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As photovoltaic (PV) integration increases in distribution systems, to investigate the maximum allowable PV integration capacity for a district distribution system becomes necessary in the planning phase, an optimization model is thus proposed to evaluate the maximum PV integration capacity while guaranteeing the entire system operating constraints (e.g., network voltage magnitude) within reasonable ranges in this paper. Meanwhile, optimal inverter dispatch is employed to further improve the PV integration by ensuring the optimal set-points of both active power and reactive power for the PV inverters. However, the intermittency of solar PV energy (e.g., due to passing clouds) may affect the PV generation in the district distribution network. To address this issue, the voltage magnitude constraints under the cloud shading conditions should be taken into account in the optimization model, which can be formulated as a mixed integer nonlinear nonconvex programming. Furthermore, a sequential interior-point method is utilized to solve this problem. Case studies on the IEEE 33-bus, 69-bus distribution networks and two practical distribution networks in China demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIET Renewable Power Generation
Volume11
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)165-172
Number of pages8
ISSN1752-1416
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Photovoltaic (PV) systems
  • Optimal inverter dispatch
  • Cloud shading
  • Distribution network
  • Mixed integer nonlinear nonconvex programming

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