Experimental Characterization of the Poisoning Effects of Methanol-Based Reformate Impurities on a PBI-Based High Temperature PEM Fuel Cell

Samuel Simon Araya, Søren Juhl Andreasen, Søren Knudsen Kær

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work the effects of reformate gas impurities on a H3PO4-doped polybenzimidazole (PBI) membrane-based high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell (HT-PEMFC) are studied. A unit cell assembly with a BASF Celtec®-P2100 high temperature membrane electrode assembly (MEA) of 45 cm2 active surface area is investigated by means of impedance spectroscopy. The concentrations in the anode feed gas of all impurities, unconverted methanol-water vapor mixture, CO and CO2 were varied along with current density according to a multilevel factorial design of experiments. Results show that all the impurities degrade the performance, with CO being the most degrading agent and CO2 the least. The factorial analysis shows that there is interdependence among the effects of the different factors considered. This interdependence suggests, for example, that tolerances to concentrations of CO above 2% may be compromised by the presence in the anode feed of CO2. Methanol has a poisoning effect on the fuel cell at all the tested feed ratios, and the performance drop is found to be proportional to the amount of methanol in feed gas. The effects are more pronounced when other impurities are also present in the feed gas, especially at higher methanol concentrations.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergies
Volume5
Issue number11
Pages (from-to)4251-4267
ISSN1996-1073
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2012

Keywords

  • high temperature PEM fuel cell
  • methanol
  • CO2
  • CO
  • Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS)

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