Experimental investigation on the ventilation performance of diffuse ceiling ventilation in heating conditions

Pei Peng, Michal Pomianowski, Chen Zhang, Rui Guo, Rasmus Lund Jensen, Kim Trangbæk Jønsson, Guangcai Gong*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This paper aims to investigate the performance of diffuse ceiling ventilation (DCV) in heating mode by a full-scale chamber. Eleven cases combined with different exhaust positions, supply air change rates, internal heat source intensities, and the type and location of contaminant sources were tested. The contaminant removal effectiveness (CRE) and temperature effectiveness (TE) were utilized to evaluate the ventilation effectiveness of DCV. It is found that thermal discomfort due to vertical temperature differences or draught is negligible for all tested cases. The results demonstrate that the effect of exhaust positions on CRE depends on the existence of internal heat source. With the presence of heat source, the room air can reach a good mixing, and the effect of exhaust positions is therefore limited. Nevertheless, when there is no internal heat source, the lower position can force the supply air to enter the occupied zone and improve ventilation performance. Increased air change rates can significantly improve indoor air quality, but have a little influence on ventilation effectiveness. CRE is strongly influenced by the internal heat source intensity and the contaminant source type. With the increase of heat source intensity, CRE increases notably from 0.28 to 0.82. As for different contaminant source types, CRE is about 1.3 under the active source (with heat), but only 0.68 and 0.82 under the passive source (without heat). This study is beneficial to the further design and optimization of DCV for its broader heating application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108262
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors want to thank Lars Isbach Poulsen and IE7-1.303 group master students at Aalborg University for their help during the experiment. National Key Technology Support Program (No. 2015BAJ03B01), Hunan Provincial Research and Development Plan of Key Areas (No. 2020DK2003) and Hunan Provincial Commercialization and Industrialization Plan of Scientific and Technological Achievements (No. 2020GK2077) provides financial assistance for this study. The first author also acknowledges the financial support from the China Scholarship Council (CSC No. 201906130075 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • Contaminant removal effectiveness
  • Diffuse ceiling ventilation
  • Heating performance
  • Temperature effectiveness
  • Thermal comfort


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