The objective of this study is to determine how the cross infection risk can be minimized between two persons with a plane jet of the protected occupied zone ventilation (POV) system. The exhaled air of infected people can be one of the sources of infectious respiratory viruses and bacteria. The infectious exhaled air may from the respiratory activities such as the breathing, coughing, sneezing, and talking. A plane jet was formed in the POV system to separate the room into a source zone and a target zone in a climate chamber, in which tow breathing thermal manikins are employed to produce breathing airflows. The exhaled air velocity and the downward jet velocity were measured at a frequency of 10 Hz, by which the maximum velocity of exhaled airflow can be obtained. In this study, the promising results show that the downward plane jet of POV system can break the exhalation airflow from the source manikin when the supply air velocity in the plane jet is above a certain level. With the downward plane jet, the personal exposure risk from the exhalation airflow is significantly reduced. The supply air velocity of the plane jet plays a critical role in reducing the personal exposure. A supply air velocity higher than 3.0 m/s (9.8 fps) is able to break the exhaled airflow.
|Title of host publication||ASHRAE 2014 Annual Conference|
|Number of pages||8|
|Publisher||American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
|Event||ASHRAE 2014 Annual Conference: 2nd Annual Research Summit - Seattle, WA, United States|
Duration: 28 Jun 2014 → 2 Jul 2015
Conference number: 2
|Conference||ASHRAE 2014 Annual Conference|
|Period||28/06/2014 → 02/07/2015|
Cao, G., Nielsen, P. V., Xu, C., & Jensen, R. L. (2014). Experimental Study of the Cross-infection Risk due to the Cross-flow of Exhaled Airflows and a Plane Jet with the Protected Occupied Zone Ventilation. In ASHRAE 2014 Annual Conference American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc..