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Learning to navigate in 3D environments from raw sensory input is an important step towards bridging the gap between human players and artificial intelligence in digital games. Recent advances in deep reinforcement learning have seen success in teaching agents to play Atari 2600 games from raw pixel information where the environment is always fully observable by the agent. This is not true for first-person 3D navigation tasks. Instead, the agent is limited by its field of view which limits its ability to make optimal decisions in the environment. This paper explores using a Deep Recurrent Q-Network implementation with a long short-term memory layer for dealing with such tasks by allowing an agent to process recent frames and gain a memory of the environment. An agent was trained in a 3D first-person labyrinth-like environment for 2 million frames. Informal observations indicate that the trained agent navigated in the right direction but was unable to find the target of the environment.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere3
Book seriesEAI Endrosed Trasactions on Creative Technologies
Issue number14
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Reinforcement Learning
  • Deep Learning
  • Q-Learning
  • Deep Recurrent Q-Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Navigation
  • Game Intelligence


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