Flat tie-line power scheduling control of grid-connected hybrid microgrids

Zhao xia Xiao*, Josep M. Guerrero, Jia Shuang, Dezso Sera, Erik Schaltz, Juan C. Vásquez

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)
461 Downloads (Pure)


In future active distribution networks (ADNs), microgrids (MGs) may have the possibility to control the power dispatched to the ADN by coordinating the output power of their multiple renewable generation units and energy storage units (ESUs). In this way, each MG may support the active distribution network, while promoting the penetration of renewable energy sources in a rational way. In this paper, we propose a tie-line power flow control of a hybrid MG, including photovoltaic (PV) generator, small wind turbines (WT), and ESUs.Firstly, the structure of the hybrid PV/WT/ESU MG is presented. In this power architecture, the battery is directly connected to the PV side through a DC/DC converter, thus reducing the number of conversions. Secondly, a hierarchical control is proposed to coordinate all those elements of the MG, making the tie-line power flow constant for a period of time, e.g. 15. min. Also, a method to calculate the tie-line power flow to be exchanged between the MG and the ADN is explored, and a power ramp rate is given between different dispatch intervals. Finally, a simulation model of the hybrid MG is built and tested. Simulation results show that the proposed hierarchical control strategy can select the proper operational mode and achieve seamless transfer between different modes. It also presents power curtailment functionality when the difference between the WT/PV output power and tie-line exchanged power flow is too large.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Energy
Pages (from-to)786-799
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018


  • Central controller
  • Flat power scheduling
  • Grid-connected hybrid microgrids
  • Hierarchical coordination control
  • Local controller
  • Tie-line power flow


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