Food addiction is strongly associated with type 2 diabetes

Christina Horsager*, Jens Meldgaard Bruun, Emil Færk, Søren Hagstrøm, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen, Søren Dinesen Østergaard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
51 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background & aims: Individuals can develop an addiction-like attraction towards highly processed foods, which has led to the conceptualization of food addiction, a phenotype linked to obesity. In this study, we investigated whether food addiction is associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D).

Methods: 1699 adults from the general population and 1394 adults from a population with clinically verified mental disorder completed a cross-sectional survey including the Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0. Logistic regression was employed to examine the association between food addiction and T2D, the latter operationalized via Danish registers.

Results: Food addiction was strongly associated with T2D in the general population (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 6.7) and among individuals with mental disorder (AOR = 2.4) in a dose-response-like manner.

Conclusion: This is the first study to demonstrate a positive association between food addiction and T2D in a general population sample. Food addiction may be a promising target for prevention of T2D.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Nutrition
Volume42
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)717-721
Number of pages5
ISSN0261-5614
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s)

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Food addiction
  • General populations
  • Mental disorders
  • Obesity
  • Type 2 diabetes

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