Form planning Control to growth management: Evolution of the National Spatial Planning Framework in Denmark

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Abstract

The 1950s marked the birth of comprehensive planning in Denmark, when a number of socio-spatial challenges emerged as a result of the country’s rapid economic growth. These challenges were eventually addressed by the administrative reform of 1970 and the following planning reform implemented from 1970 until 1977. The reforms established an integrated planning system aiming to achieve spatial coordination through a hierarchy of plans occurring at multiple scales and a certain degree of horizontal and vertical integration of policies across sectors and jurisdictions. Since then, Denmark has been associated with the comprehensive-integrated tradition of planning systems and policies (CEC, 1997, 1999).
The aim of this paper is to analyse the transformation of the Danish National Spatial Planning Framework, which has been exposed to substantial reorientations resulting from a structural reform that modified the geographies of inter-governmental arrangements back in 2007. Since then, a series of structural shifts concerning planning tasks and responsibilities have been witnessed within and across different levels of planning administration.
Consequently, the Danish planning system has diverged from its so-called “comprehensive-integrated” tradition and both the steering and strategic roles of national-level planning have been largely superseded by a more “flexible” planning style fit to promote specific sectoral agendas. While the legacy of land-use planning is still embedded at the local level under curbing spatial coordination capacities, it could be argued that spatial planning in Denmark currently faces a state of crisis at national and especially regional levels – particularly when compared with the domain’s former clout and capacities.
Following the 2015 general election the new centre-right government decided to transfer national planning functions from the Ministry of the Environment (Miljøministeriet) to the Danish Business Authority (Erhvervsstyrelsen). This was done in the midst of an on-going political debate over ‘simplifying’ the Planning Act to facilitate more economic growth.
In this light, Danish spatial planning continues to align with prevailing neo-liberal minded government agendas and thereby ends up reflecting the ideologies and interests of the government in place. In contrast with the social welfarist objectives of the 1970s, these governmental preferences have indirectly caused that spatial planning be regarded more as a cost than an asset. Accordingly, it is evident that the Danish planning domain has progressively lost political clout and the focus is changed towards facilitation and management of economic growth.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRecovery from Disaster : Proceedings of FIG Working Week 2016, Christchurch, New Zealand, May 2-6, 2016
Number of pages13
PublisherInternational Federation of Surveyors
Publication dateMay 2016
ISBN (Electronic)978-87-92853-52-3
Publication statusPublished - May 2016
EventRecovery from Disaster : FIG Working Week 2016 - Christchurch, New Zealand
Duration: 2 May 20166 May 2016
http://www.fig.net/fig2016/proceedings.htm

Conference

ConferenceRecovery from Disaster
CountryNew Zealand
CityChristchurch
Period02/05/201606/05/2016
Internet address
SeriesFIG Working Week, Proceedings
ISSN2307-4086

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spatial planning
planning system
economic growth
administrative reform
national planning
vertical integration
planning
facilitation
land use planning
ideology
election
cation exchange capacity
cost

Keywords

  • Spatial planning; Planning control; Spatial development

Cite this

Enemark, S. (2016). Form planning Control to growth management: Evolution of the National Spatial Planning Framework in Denmark. In Recovery from Disaster: Proceedings of FIG Working Week 2016, Christchurch, New Zealand, May 2-6, 2016 International Federation of Surveyors. FIG Working Week, Proceedings
Enemark, Stig. / Form planning Control to growth management : Evolution of the National Spatial Planning Framework in Denmark. Recovery from Disaster: Proceedings of FIG Working Week 2016, Christchurch, New Zealand, May 2-6, 2016. International Federation of Surveyors, 2016. (FIG Working Week, Proceedings).
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abstract = "The 1950s marked the birth of comprehensive planning in Denmark, when a number of socio-spatial challenges emerged as a result of the country’s rapid economic growth. These challenges were eventually addressed by the administrative reform of 1970 and the following planning reform implemented from 1970 until 1977. The reforms established an integrated planning system aiming to achieve spatial coordination through a hierarchy of plans occurring at multiple scales and a certain degree of horizontal and vertical integration of policies across sectors and jurisdictions. Since then, Denmark has been associated with the comprehensive-integrated tradition of planning systems and policies (CEC, 1997, 1999).The aim of this paper is to analyse the transformation of the Danish National Spatial Planning Framework, which has been exposed to substantial reorientations resulting from a structural reform that modified the geographies of inter-governmental arrangements back in 2007. Since then, a series of structural shifts concerning planning tasks and responsibilities have been witnessed within and across different levels of planning administration. Consequently, the Danish planning system has diverged from its so-called “comprehensive-integrated” tradition and both the steering and strategic roles of national-level planning have been largely superseded by a more “flexible” planning style fit to promote specific sectoral agendas. While the legacy of land-use planning is still embedded at the local level under curbing spatial coordination capacities, it could be argued that spatial planning in Denmark currently faces a state of crisis at national and especially regional levels – particularly when compared with the domain’s former clout and capacities. Following the 2015 general election the new centre-right government decided to transfer national planning functions from the Ministry of the Environment (Milj{\o}ministeriet) to the Danish Business Authority (Erhvervsstyrelsen). This was done in the midst of an on-going political debate over ‘simplifying’ the Planning Act to facilitate more economic growth. In this light, Danish spatial planning continues to align with prevailing neo-liberal minded government agendas and thereby ends up reflecting the ideologies and interests of the government in place. In contrast with the social welfarist objectives of the 1970s, these governmental preferences have indirectly caused that spatial planning be regarded more as a cost than an asset. Accordingly, it is evident that the Danish planning domain has progressively lost political clout and the focus is changed towards facilitation and management of economic growth.",
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Enemark, S 2016, Form planning Control to growth management: Evolution of the National Spatial Planning Framework in Denmark. in Recovery from Disaster: Proceedings of FIG Working Week 2016, Christchurch, New Zealand, May 2-6, 2016. International Federation of Surveyors, FIG Working Week, Proceedings, Recovery from Disaster , Christchurch, New Zealand, 02/05/2016.

Form planning Control to growth management : Evolution of the National Spatial Planning Framework in Denmark. / Enemark, Stig.

Recovery from Disaster: Proceedings of FIG Working Week 2016, Christchurch, New Zealand, May 2-6, 2016. International Federation of Surveyors, 2016. (FIG Working Week, Proceedings).

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review

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N2 - The 1950s marked the birth of comprehensive planning in Denmark, when a number of socio-spatial challenges emerged as a result of the country’s rapid economic growth. These challenges were eventually addressed by the administrative reform of 1970 and the following planning reform implemented from 1970 until 1977. The reforms established an integrated planning system aiming to achieve spatial coordination through a hierarchy of plans occurring at multiple scales and a certain degree of horizontal and vertical integration of policies across sectors and jurisdictions. Since then, Denmark has been associated with the comprehensive-integrated tradition of planning systems and policies (CEC, 1997, 1999).The aim of this paper is to analyse the transformation of the Danish National Spatial Planning Framework, which has been exposed to substantial reorientations resulting from a structural reform that modified the geographies of inter-governmental arrangements back in 2007. Since then, a series of structural shifts concerning planning tasks and responsibilities have been witnessed within and across different levels of planning administration. Consequently, the Danish planning system has diverged from its so-called “comprehensive-integrated” tradition and both the steering and strategic roles of national-level planning have been largely superseded by a more “flexible” planning style fit to promote specific sectoral agendas. While the legacy of land-use planning is still embedded at the local level under curbing spatial coordination capacities, it could be argued that spatial planning in Denmark currently faces a state of crisis at national and especially regional levels – particularly when compared with the domain’s former clout and capacities. Following the 2015 general election the new centre-right government decided to transfer national planning functions from the Ministry of the Environment (Miljøministeriet) to the Danish Business Authority (Erhvervsstyrelsen). This was done in the midst of an on-going political debate over ‘simplifying’ the Planning Act to facilitate more economic growth. In this light, Danish spatial planning continues to align with prevailing neo-liberal minded government agendas and thereby ends up reflecting the ideologies and interests of the government in place. In contrast with the social welfarist objectives of the 1970s, these governmental preferences have indirectly caused that spatial planning be regarded more as a cost than an asset. Accordingly, it is evident that the Danish planning domain has progressively lost political clout and the focus is changed towards facilitation and management of economic growth.

AB - The 1950s marked the birth of comprehensive planning in Denmark, when a number of socio-spatial challenges emerged as a result of the country’s rapid economic growth. These challenges were eventually addressed by the administrative reform of 1970 and the following planning reform implemented from 1970 until 1977. The reforms established an integrated planning system aiming to achieve spatial coordination through a hierarchy of plans occurring at multiple scales and a certain degree of horizontal and vertical integration of policies across sectors and jurisdictions. Since then, Denmark has been associated with the comprehensive-integrated tradition of planning systems and policies (CEC, 1997, 1999).The aim of this paper is to analyse the transformation of the Danish National Spatial Planning Framework, which has been exposed to substantial reorientations resulting from a structural reform that modified the geographies of inter-governmental arrangements back in 2007. Since then, a series of structural shifts concerning planning tasks and responsibilities have been witnessed within and across different levels of planning administration. Consequently, the Danish planning system has diverged from its so-called “comprehensive-integrated” tradition and both the steering and strategic roles of national-level planning have been largely superseded by a more “flexible” planning style fit to promote specific sectoral agendas. While the legacy of land-use planning is still embedded at the local level under curbing spatial coordination capacities, it could be argued that spatial planning in Denmark currently faces a state of crisis at national and especially regional levels – particularly when compared with the domain’s former clout and capacities. Following the 2015 general election the new centre-right government decided to transfer national planning functions from the Ministry of the Environment (Miljøministeriet) to the Danish Business Authority (Erhvervsstyrelsen). This was done in the midst of an on-going political debate over ‘simplifying’ the Planning Act to facilitate more economic growth. In this light, Danish spatial planning continues to align with prevailing neo-liberal minded government agendas and thereby ends up reflecting the ideologies and interests of the government in place. In contrast with the social welfarist objectives of the 1970s, these governmental preferences have indirectly caused that spatial planning be regarded more as a cost than an asset. Accordingly, it is evident that the Danish planning domain has progressively lost political clout and the focus is changed towards facilitation and management of economic growth.

KW - Spatial planning; Planning control; Spatial development

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M3 - Article in proceeding

T3 - FIG Working Week, Proceedings

BT - Recovery from Disaster

PB - International Federation of Surveyors

ER -

Enemark S. Form planning Control to growth management: Evolution of the National Spatial Planning Framework in Denmark. In Recovery from Disaster: Proceedings of FIG Working Week 2016, Christchurch, New Zealand, May 2-6, 2016. International Federation of Surveyors. 2016. (FIG Working Week, Proceedings).