Full-Body Kinematics and Vertical Ground Reaction Forces in Elite Ten-Pin Bowling: A Field Study

Bo Eitel Seiferheld, Jeppe Frost, Thorstein Brynildsen Østergaard, Mathias Sønder Krog, Kent Klitgaard, Mark de Zee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The purpose was to investigate full-body kinematics and vertical ground reaction forces in the lower extremities of the delivery and to determine delivery changes over time after many deliveries in ten-pin bowling. Six male elite ten-pin bowlers completed six bouts of twelve bowling deliveries, all strike attempts, while measuring full-body kinematics and vertical ground reaction forces. Full-body joint angles, peak vertical ground reaction forces in the feet, vertical breaking impulse, centre of mass velocity, bowling score, and ball release velocity (BR vel) were measured. Results revealed that the BR vel was significantly decreased over bouts (p < 0.001). Additionally, increased flexion of the dominant wrist (p < 0.001) and elbow (p = 0.004) prior to ball release (BR) and increased pronation of the dominant wrist during BR (p = 0.034) were observed at later bouts. It was concluded that these kinematic changes in the dominant wrist and elbow prior to and during BR were performed to compensate for the change in traction between ball and lane during a bowling match. This, in turn, caused a decrease in BR vel. A conservation of energy perspective was discussed to highlight training applications and possibilities to enhance elite athletes’ bowling performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8284
JournalSensors
Volume23
Issue number19
ISSN1424-8220
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2023

Keywords

  • SPM analysis
  • biomechanics
  • kinematics
  • performance
  • ten-pin bowling
  • vertical ground reaction forces
  • wearable sensors

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