Full energy system transition towards 100% renewable energy in Germany in 2050

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Abstract

Germany has set ambitious policies for increasing renewable energy shares and decommissioning nuclear energy, but there are certain scientific gaps on how this transition should occur, especially when considering all energy sectors. The purpose of this study is to advance the knowledge of transitioning the German energy system to 100% renewable energy towards 2050. Taking into consideration renewable resource potentials, energy system costs and primary energy supply this study develops a path for transitioning the German energy system within the heating, industrial, transport and electricity sectors. The analysis demonstrates that it is possible to carry out this transition from a technical and economic perspective with some measures being vital for achieving this ambition in a cost-effective manner. The most significant challenge in this transition is regarding resource potentials where especially biomass resources are constrained and under pressure. Finally, the most influential measures for achieving the renewable transition are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRenewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume102
ISSN1364-0321
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

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Industrial heating
Potential energy
Nuclear energy
Costs
Biomass
Electricity
Economics

Cite this

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title = "Full energy system transition towards 100{\%} renewable energy in Germany in 2050",
abstract = "Germany has set ambitious policies for increasing renewable energy shares and decommissioning nuclear energy, but there are certain scientific gaps on how this transition should occur, especially when considering all energy sectors. The purpose of this study is to advance the knowledge of transitioning the German energy system to 100{\%} renewable energy towards 2050. Taking into consideration renewable resource potentials, energy system costs and primary energy supply this study develops a path for transitioning the German energy system within the heating, industrial, transport and electricity sectors. The analysis demonstrates that it is possible to carry out this transition from a technical and economic perspective with some measures being vital for achieving this ambition in a cost-effective manner. The most significant challenge in this transition is regarding resource potentials where especially biomass resources are constrained and under pressure. Finally, the most influential measures for achieving the renewable transition are discussed.",
author = "Kenneth Hansen and Mathiesen, {Brian Vad} and Skov, {Iva Ridjan}",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1016/j.rser.2018.11.038",
language = "English",
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journal = "Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews",
issn = "1364-0321",
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Full energy system transition towards 100% renewable energy in Germany in 2050. / Hansen, Kenneth; Mathiesen, Brian Vad; Skov, Iva Ridjan.

In: Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 102, 03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Full energy system transition towards 100% renewable energy in Germany in 2050

AU - Hansen, Kenneth

AU - Mathiesen, Brian Vad

AU - Skov, Iva Ridjan

PY - 2019/3

Y1 - 2019/3

N2 - Germany has set ambitious policies for increasing renewable energy shares and decommissioning nuclear energy, but there are certain scientific gaps on how this transition should occur, especially when considering all energy sectors. The purpose of this study is to advance the knowledge of transitioning the German energy system to 100% renewable energy towards 2050. Taking into consideration renewable resource potentials, energy system costs and primary energy supply this study develops a path for transitioning the German energy system within the heating, industrial, transport and electricity sectors. The analysis demonstrates that it is possible to carry out this transition from a technical and economic perspective with some measures being vital for achieving this ambition in a cost-effective manner. The most significant challenge in this transition is regarding resource potentials where especially biomass resources are constrained and under pressure. Finally, the most influential measures for achieving the renewable transition are discussed.

AB - Germany has set ambitious policies for increasing renewable energy shares and decommissioning nuclear energy, but there are certain scientific gaps on how this transition should occur, especially when considering all energy sectors. The purpose of this study is to advance the knowledge of transitioning the German energy system to 100% renewable energy towards 2050. Taking into consideration renewable resource potentials, energy system costs and primary energy supply this study develops a path for transitioning the German energy system within the heating, industrial, transport and electricity sectors. The analysis demonstrates that it is possible to carry out this transition from a technical and economic perspective with some measures being vital for achieving this ambition in a cost-effective manner. The most significant challenge in this transition is regarding resource potentials where especially biomass resources are constrained and under pressure. Finally, the most influential measures for achieving the renewable transition are discussed.

U2 - 10.1016/j.rser.2018.11.038

DO - 10.1016/j.rser.2018.11.038

M3 - Journal article

VL - 102

JO - Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews

JF - Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews

SN - 1364-0321

ER -