Great expectations: a predictive processing account of automobile driving

Johan Engström*, Jonas Bärgman, Daniel Nilsson, Bobbie Seppelt, Gustav Markkula, Giulio Bianchi Piccinini, Trent Victor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Predictive processing has been proposed as a unifying framework for understanding brain function, suggesting that cognition and behaviour can be fundamentally understood based on the single principle of prediction error minimisation. According to predictive processing, the brain is a statistical organ that continuously attempts get a grip on states in the world by predicting how these states cause sensory input and minimising the deviations between the predicted and actual input. While these ideas have had a strong influence in neuroscience and cognitive science, they have so far not been adopted in applied human factors research. The present paper represents a first attempt to do so, exploring how predictive processing concepts can be used to understand automobile driving. It is shown how a framework based on predictive processing may provide a novel perspective on a range of driving phenomena and offer a unifying framework for traditionally disparate human factors models.

Original languageEnglish
JournalTheoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science
Volume19
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)156-194
Number of pages39
ISSN1463-922X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Mar 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was conducted as part of the QUADRAE (Quantitative Driver Behaviour Modelling for Active Safety Assessment - Expansion) project supported by VINNOVA [grant number 2015-04863]. We would like to thank Prof. John Lee and an anonymous reviewer for valuable comments on earlier versions of this paper.

Funding Information:
This work was conducted as part of the QUADRAE (Quantitative Driver Behaviour Modelling for Active Safety Assessment - Expansion) project supported by VINNOVA [grant number 2015-04863].

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • action
  • driver behaviour
  • driving
  • expectancy
  • perception
  • Predictive processing
  • human factors

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