Hybrid Tongue-Myoelectric Control Improves Functional Use of a Robotic Hand Prosthesis

Daniel Johansen*, Dejan Popovic, Strahinja Dosen, Lotte N. S. Andreasen Struijk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Objective: This study aims at investigating the functional performance of a novel prosthesis control scheme integrating an inductive tongue interface and myoelectric control. The tongue interface allowed direct selection of the desired grasp while myoelectric signals were used to open and close the robotic hand. Methods: The novel method was compared to a conventional sequential on/off myoelectric control scheme using functional tasks defined by Assistive Hand Assessment protocol. Ten able-bodied participants were fitted with the SmartHand on their left forearm. They used both the conventional myoelectric control and the Tongue and Myoelectric Hybrid interface (TMH) to accomplish two activities of daily living (i.e., preparing a sandwich and gift wrapping). Sessions were video recorded and the outcome measure was the completion time for the subtasks as well as the full tasks. Results: The sandwich task was completed significantly faster, with 19% decrease in the completion time, using the TMH when compared to the conventional sequential on/off myoelectric control scheme (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The results indicate that the TMH control scheme facilitates the active use of the prosthetic device by simplifying grasp selection, leading thereby to faster completion of challenging and relevant tasks involving bimanual activities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9325542
JournalI E E E Transactions on Biomedical Engineering
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)2011-2020
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021


  • Functional Assessment
  • Robotic Hands
  • Hand Prosthetics
  • Control Schemes
  • Myoelectric control
  • Tongue Control


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