Hydrothermal Liquefaction: A Sustainable Solution to Sewage Sludge Disposal Problem

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Abstract

Sewage sludge (SS) is a product of modern society, as wastewater treatment has
been implemented following a growing awareness of hygiene and water management issues. SS management has evolved from merely disposal of sludge in landfills or on agricultural soil to become a key component in a circular economy for organic and inorganic materials. Highlighted by the increasing urbanization seen in Europe with more than 70% of the population living in urban areas and many other places in the world, aggregated SS is challenged not only by the sheer volumes of biohazardous sludge to treat, but also by the legislative requirements to reuse of fertilizer components (phosphates) as well as to disposal methods [1–3].
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Waste-to-Energy Technologies
EditorsRajeev Pratap Singh, Vishal Prasad, Barka Vaish
Number of pages21
PublisherCRC Press
Publication dateDec 2019
Edition1
Pages143-163
Chapter9
ISBN (Print)9781138390423
ISBN (Electronic)9780429423376
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019

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    Toor, S., Conti, F., Shah, A. A., Seehar, T. H., & Rosendahl, L. (2019). Hydrothermal Liquefaction: A Sustainable Solution to Sewage Sludge Disposal Problem. In R. P. Singh, V. Prasad, & B. Vaish (Eds.), Advances in Waste-to-Energy Technologies (1 ed., pp. 143-163). CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9780429423376-9