Impact of iron and hydrogen peroxide on membrane degradation for polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolysis: Computational and experimental investigation on fluoride emission

Steffen Henrik Frensch, Guillaume Serre, Frédéric Fouda-Onana, Henriette Casper Jensen, Morten Lykkegaard Christensen, Samuel Simon Araya, Søren Knudsen Kær

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Abstract

Polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) degradation in electrolysis mode is simulated through a Fenton model that includes all major involved electrochemical reactions. Supportive experimental investigations on the effect of hydrogen peroxide and iron impurities are carried out in an ex-situ set-up, where the results are utilized to fit model parameters. The experiments reveal a high dependence of fluoride emission on iron concentration, which catalyzes the reaction, and identifies hydrogen peroxide as a necessary precursor for destructive hydroxyl radical formation. Simulations of in-situ operation reveal that elevated current is favorable in terms of lower fluoride emission, as the radicals are depleted by side reactions. Temperatures above 80∘C significantly accelerate membrane thinning, where the step from 80∘C to 90∘C more than doubles thinning after 500 h.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume420
Pages (from-to)54-62
Number of pages9
ISSN0378-7753
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • PEM water electrolysis aging
  • Membrane degradation modelling
  • Fenton reaction model
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Fluoride emission rate

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