Implications for Efficacy and Safety of Total Dose and Dose-Intensity of Neoadjuvant Gemcitabine-Cisplatin in Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: Three-Week Versus Four-Week Regimen

Karin Holmsten*, Lise Høj Omland, Anne Birgitte Als, Mads Agerbæk, Line Hammer Dohn, Henriette Lindberg, Niels Viggo Jensen, Andreas Carus, Mette Moe, Abolfazl Hosseini, Cecilia Radkiewicz, Helle Pappot, Anders Ullén

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy is standard care prior to radical cystectomy in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). OBJECTIVE: To assess efficacy and safety of two commonly used neoadjuvant schedules with different total doses and dose-intensities of gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC). METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from all patients treated between 2010 and 2018 with neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to clinical routine at seven centres in Sweden and Denmark. Patients in Sweden received three cycles of a 4-week schedule (GC-4w: cisplatin 70mg/m2 day 1, gemcitabine 1000mg/m2 days 1, 8, 15, q 28 days) and in Denmark four cycles of a 3-week schedule (GC-3w: cisplatin 70mg/m2 day 1, gemcitabine 1000mg/m2 days 1, 8, q 21 days). Primary endpoint was pathological response at cystectomy (pT0N0 and <pT2N0). RESULTS: A total of 251 patients were treated with GC-4w and 455 with GC-3w. pT0N0 was significantly higher for patients treated with GC-3w compared to GC-4w, 46% versus 32% (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.80; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.16-2.80; P=0.009); and for <pT2N0 60% versus 47% (aOR 1.08; 95% CI 0.70-1.66; P=0.743). There were no significant differences between GC-4w and GC-3w regarding survival parameters. GC-3w patients discontinued treatment more frequently and showed a higher degree of neutropenia. CONCLUSIONS: A significantly higher complete response-rate was observed in the patient group treated with the more cisplatin-dose-intense 3-week schedule. The side-effect profile was in favor of the 4-week approach while relapse-free and overall survival were similar.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBladder Cancer
Volume8
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)71-80
Number of pages10
ISSN2352-3727
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 - The authors. Published by IOS Press.

Keywords

  • cisplatin
  • gemcitabine
  • muscle invasive bladder cancer
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy

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