Integration of Renewables in Power Systems by Multi-Energy System Interaction

Birgitte Bak-Jensen, Jayakrishnan Radhakrishna Pillai

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This book focus on the interaction between different energy vectors, that is between electrical, thermal, gas, and transportation systems, with the purpose of optimizing the planning and operation of future energy system. More and more renewable energy is integrated into the electrical system, and to optimize its usage and ensure that its full production can be hosted and utilized, the power system has to be controlled in a more flexible manner. In order not to overload the electrical distribution grids, the new large loads have to be controlled using demand response, perchance through a hierarchical control set-up where some controls are dependent on price signals from the spot and balancing markets. Also by performing local real-time control and coordination based on local voltage or system frequency measurements the grid hosting limits are not violated.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherMDPI Books
Number of pages358
ISBN (Print)978-3-0365-0342-4
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-0365-0343-1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


  • Multi-energy systems
  • hosting capacity
  • renewable energy
  • energy storages
  • flexible demand
  • electrification of transport and heating sector
  • hierarchical control
  • demand response
  • grid flexibility


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