Purpose: To identify retinal protein changes that mediate beneficial effects of intravitreal bevacizumab in experimental branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). Methods: In six Danish Landrace pigs, BRVO was induced with argon laser in both eyes. After BRVO was induced, the right eye of each animal was given an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab while the left eye was treated with saline water. The retinas were collected 15 days after BRVO, and differentially expressed proteins were analyzed with tandem mass tags-based mass spectrometry. Validation of statistically significantly changed proteins was performed with immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Results: Fluorescein angiography showed no recanalization of the occluded vessels. A total of 4,013 proteins were successfully identified and quantified. Nine proteins were statistically significantly changed following bevacizumab intervention. In experimental BRVO, bevacizumab treatment resulted in upregulation of transthyretin (TTR) and pantothenate kinase 3. Bevacizumab downregulated protocadherin 7, protein FAM192A, and ATP synthase protein 8. Immunohistochemistry revealed that TTR was highly abundant in the choroid following bevacizumab intervention. Conclusions: Bevacizumab intervention in experimental BRVO resulted in an increased level of TTR. This is the second study in which we showed an increased retinal level of TTR following anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) intervention in experimental BRVO. We hypothesize that there is an interaction between TTR and VEGF and that bevacizumab may exert a beneficial effect on the retina by upregulating TTR.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|