Investigating different break-in procedures for reformed methanol high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Sobi Thomas*, Samuel Simon Araya, Jakob Rabjerg Vang, Søren Knudsen Kær

*Corresponding author

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The present work focuses on reducing the complexities involved in the mass production of HT-PEM fuel cell systems integrated with a methanol reformer. Different break-in procedures are investigated on a single HT-PEMFC. The work is divided into two parts, the first in which different break-in times are tested in order to reduce the usual break-in time of around 100 h, and the second one, where simulated reformed fuel is tested during and after break-in to understand the impact on degradation over time.

In this study, two set of tests are carried out with different break-in times, the normal break-in (100 h), intermediate break-in (30 and 50 h) and no break-in (0 h). After break-in, all the cells were subjected to a load cycling profile between 0.2 and 0.6 A cm−2 with 5 min at each current density. The test was then carried out to compare the cell performance over time when the break-in is carried out with simulated reformed gas having a composition of 64.7% H2, 21.3% CO2, 12% H2O and 2% CH3OH. The break-in time for this test was 100 h. The cells are operated at 0.2 A cm−2 during break-in and thereafter at 0.6 A cm−2 under normal operation. The cell performance and impedance change over time is analyzed. The different resistances are deduced using equivalent circuit models and analyzed to understand the changes occurring in the MEA during break-in and how they affect the durability of an HT-PEMFC. The degradation rate for the different operating strategy is calculated from the voltage trajectory over time. The comparison of degradation and break-in time suggests that the normal break-in induces a uniform ohmic resistance changes in the cell over time, while the fast cycling leads to non-uniform changes in resistances. However, the performance and degradation are not significantly affected over 750 h test. The test with simulated reformed fuel indicates that the break-in with pure H2 is important for longer durability when operation thereafter is with reformed fuel. The cell with reformed fuel break-in degrades much faster compared to the cell with H2 break-in.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume43
Issue number31
Pages (from-to)14691-14700
Number of pages10
ISSN0360-3199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
fuel cells
Methanol
methyl alcohol
membranes
Degradation
protons
Durability
cells
Temperature
Acoustic impedance
degradation
Equivalent circuits
Fuel cells
Current density
durability
Trajectories
Electric potential
Chemical analysis
Gases

Keywords

  • Break-in
  • EIS
  • HT-PEMFC
  • Load cycling
  • Reformed fuel

Cite this

@article{83a9a761ea594f6dba98317422233fc6,
title = "Investigating different break-in procedures for reformed methanol high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells",
abstract = "The present work focuses on reducing the complexities involved in the mass production of HT-PEM fuel cell systems integrated with a methanol reformer. Different break-in procedures are investigated on a single HT-PEMFC. The work is divided into two parts, the first in which different break-in times are tested in order to reduce the usual break-in time of around 100 h, and the second one, where simulated reformed fuel is tested during and after break-in to understand the impact on degradation over time.In this study, two set of tests are carried out with different break-in times, the normal break-in (100 h), intermediate break-in (30 and 50 h) and no break-in (0 h). After break-in, all the cells were subjected to a load cycling profile between 0.2 and 0.6 A cm−2 with 5 min at each current density. The test was then carried out to compare the cell performance over time when the break-in is carried out with simulated reformed gas having a composition of 64.7{\%} H2, 21.3{\%} CO2, 12{\%} H2O and 2{\%} CH3OH. The break-in time for this test was 100 h. The cells are operated at 0.2 A cm−2 during break-in and thereafter at 0.6 A cm−2 under normal operation. The cell performance and impedance change over time is analyzed. The different resistances are deduced using equivalent circuit models and analyzed to understand the changes occurring in the MEA during break-in and how they affect the durability of an HT-PEMFC. The degradation rate for the different operating strategy is calculated from the voltage trajectory over time. The comparison of degradation and break-in time suggests that the normal break-in induces a uniform ohmic resistance changes in the cell over time, while the fast cycling leads to non-uniform changes in resistances. However, the performance and degradation are not significantly affected over 750 h test. The test with simulated reformed fuel indicates that the break-in with pure H2 is important for longer durability when operation thereafter is with reformed fuel. The cell with reformed fuel break-in degrades much faster compared to the cell with H2 break-in.",
keywords = "Break-in, EIS, HT-PEMFC, Load cycling, Reformed fuel",
author = "Sobi Thomas and Araya, {Samuel Simon} and Vang, {Jakob Rabjerg} and K{\ae}r, {S{\o}ren Knudsen}",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
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Investigating different break-in procedures for reformed methanol high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells. / Thomas, Sobi; Araya, Samuel Simon; Vang, Jakob Rabjerg; Kær, Søren Knudsen.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 43, No. 31, 08.2018, p. 14691-14700.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigating different break-in procedures for reformed methanol high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells

AU - Thomas, Sobi

AU - Araya, Samuel Simon

AU - Vang, Jakob Rabjerg

AU - Kær, Søren Knudsen

PY - 2018/8

Y1 - 2018/8

N2 - The present work focuses on reducing the complexities involved in the mass production of HT-PEM fuel cell systems integrated with a methanol reformer. Different break-in procedures are investigated on a single HT-PEMFC. The work is divided into two parts, the first in which different break-in times are tested in order to reduce the usual break-in time of around 100 h, and the second one, where simulated reformed fuel is tested during and after break-in to understand the impact on degradation over time.In this study, two set of tests are carried out with different break-in times, the normal break-in (100 h), intermediate break-in (30 and 50 h) and no break-in (0 h). After break-in, all the cells were subjected to a load cycling profile between 0.2 and 0.6 A cm−2 with 5 min at each current density. The test was then carried out to compare the cell performance over time when the break-in is carried out with simulated reformed gas having a composition of 64.7% H2, 21.3% CO2, 12% H2O and 2% CH3OH. The break-in time for this test was 100 h. The cells are operated at 0.2 A cm−2 during break-in and thereafter at 0.6 A cm−2 under normal operation. The cell performance and impedance change over time is analyzed. The different resistances are deduced using equivalent circuit models and analyzed to understand the changes occurring in the MEA during break-in and how they affect the durability of an HT-PEMFC. The degradation rate for the different operating strategy is calculated from the voltage trajectory over time. The comparison of degradation and break-in time suggests that the normal break-in induces a uniform ohmic resistance changes in the cell over time, while the fast cycling leads to non-uniform changes in resistances. However, the performance and degradation are not significantly affected over 750 h test. The test with simulated reformed fuel indicates that the break-in with pure H2 is important for longer durability when operation thereafter is with reformed fuel. The cell with reformed fuel break-in degrades much faster compared to the cell with H2 break-in.

AB - The present work focuses on reducing the complexities involved in the mass production of HT-PEM fuel cell systems integrated with a methanol reformer. Different break-in procedures are investigated on a single HT-PEMFC. The work is divided into two parts, the first in which different break-in times are tested in order to reduce the usual break-in time of around 100 h, and the second one, where simulated reformed fuel is tested during and after break-in to understand the impact on degradation over time.In this study, two set of tests are carried out with different break-in times, the normal break-in (100 h), intermediate break-in (30 and 50 h) and no break-in (0 h). After break-in, all the cells were subjected to a load cycling profile between 0.2 and 0.6 A cm−2 with 5 min at each current density. The test was then carried out to compare the cell performance over time when the break-in is carried out with simulated reformed gas having a composition of 64.7% H2, 21.3% CO2, 12% H2O and 2% CH3OH. The break-in time for this test was 100 h. The cells are operated at 0.2 A cm−2 during break-in and thereafter at 0.6 A cm−2 under normal operation. The cell performance and impedance change over time is analyzed. The different resistances are deduced using equivalent circuit models and analyzed to understand the changes occurring in the MEA during break-in and how they affect the durability of an HT-PEMFC. The degradation rate for the different operating strategy is calculated from the voltage trajectory over time. The comparison of degradation and break-in time suggests that the normal break-in induces a uniform ohmic resistance changes in the cell over time, while the fast cycling leads to non-uniform changes in resistances. However, the performance and degradation are not significantly affected over 750 h test. The test with simulated reformed fuel indicates that the break-in with pure H2 is important for longer durability when operation thereafter is with reformed fuel. The cell with reformed fuel break-in degrades much faster compared to the cell with H2 break-in.

KW - Break-in

KW - EIS

KW - HT-PEMFC

KW - Load cycling

KW - Reformed fuel

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U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.05.166

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.05.166

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85048962212

VL - 43

SP - 14691

EP - 14700

JO - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

JF - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

SN - 0360-3199

IS - 31

ER -