Ion Implantation of Polymers: Formation of Nanoparticulate Materials

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    Abstract

    The current paper presents a state-of-the-art review in the field of ion implantation of polymers. Numerous published studies of polymers modified by ion beams are analysed. General aspects of ion stopping, latent track formation and changes of structure and composition of organic materials are discussed. Related to that, the effects of radiothermolysis, degassing and carbonisation are considered. Specificity of depth distributions of implanted into polymers impurities is analysed and the case of high-fluence implantation is emphasised. Within rather broad topic of ion bombardment, the focus is put on the low-energy implantation of metal ions causing the nucleation and growth of nanoparticles in the shallow polymer layers. Electrical, optical and magnetic properties of metal/polymer composites are under the discussion and the approaches towards practical applications are overviewed.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalReviews on Advanced Materials Science
    Volume30
    Issue number1
    Pages (from-to)1-26
    ISSN1605-8127
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

    Fingerprint

    Ion implantation
    ion implantation
    Polymers
    polymers
    implantation
    carbonization
    degassing
    Degassing
    Carbonization
    Ion bombardment
    organic materials
    stopping
    Ion beams
    Metal ions
    bombardment
    metal ions
    Magnetic properties
    fluence
    ions
    Electric properties

    Keywords

    • ion implantation; polymers; metal nanoparticles; electronic, optical and magnetic properties of nanostructures

    Cite this

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    abstract = "The current paper presents a state-of-the-art review in the field of ion implantation of polymers. Numerous published studies of polymers modified by ion beams are analysed. General aspects of ion stopping, latent track formation and changes of structure and composition of organic materials are discussed. Related to that, the effects of radiothermolysis, degassing and carbonisation are considered. Specificity of depth distributions of implanted into polymers impurities is analysed and the case of high-fluence implantation is emphasised. Within rather broad topic of ion bombardment, the focus is put on the low-energy implantation of metal ions causing the nucleation and growth of nanoparticles in the shallow polymer layers. Electrical, optical and magnetic properties of metal/polymer composites are under the discussion and the approaches towards practical applications are overviewed.",
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    Ion Implantation of Polymers : Formation of Nanoparticulate Materials. / Popok, Vladimir.

    In: Reviews on Advanced Materials Science, Vol. 30, No. 1, 02.2012, p. 1-26.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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