Licensing and Environmental Issues of Wave Energy Projects

Frank Neumann, James Tedd, Miguel Prado, Iain Russell, Sofia Patrício, Veronica La Regina

    Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/conference proceedingArticle in proceedingResearchpeer-review


    The major non-technical barrier for large-scale wave energy implementation is the wide range of licensing issues and potential environmental concerns, in addition to significant National/regional differences in licensing procedures and permit requirements. Whereas some pilot plants have had a special standing or facilitated access to operating licenses due to their experimental character, the move of wave energy projects towards commercial applications implies complex procedures for obtaining licenses both with respect to the construction and deployment and operation phases, as well as concerning ocean space use and environmental concerns. Despite recent efforts to streamline European EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) in general, potential project developers are far from having a clear view of present and future requirements concerning these barriers on a trans-national level. Different National settings and traditional use of ocean space, as well as different levels of advance in terms of legislation and procedural effectiveness make it extremely difficult to set out implementation strategies for ocean wave energy technologies. The paper includes a brief experience review from pilot plants and exemplary presents the ongoing permitting process of the Wave Dragon in Wales. Comments on future park-scale application issues are made based on the present situation in different countries.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProceedings of the POWER-GEN 2006 Europe Conference : Cologne, Germany, June 2006
    Number of pages6
    Publication date2006
    Publication statusPublished - 2006
    EventPOWER-GEN EUROPE - Koelnmesse, Cologne, Germany
    Duration: 30 May 20061 Jun 2006


    ConferencePOWER-GEN EUROPE
    CityKoelnmesse, Cologne


    • Wave Energy
    • Environmental Issues,
    • Licensing Issues
    • Large-Scale Barriers


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