Linear mixed effects modeling for multifactorial sensory and consumer data using the r-packages lmerTest and sensmixed

I. de Sousa Amorim, A. Kuznetsova, Søren Bech, P. Bruun Brockhoff

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Abstract

Sensory and consumer data are produced in massive numbers within as well food research and industry as within many non-food areas, e.g. high end audio and TV production industry (Næs, Brockhoff & Tomic, 2010, Bech & Zacharov, 2006). A user friendly open source tool, Panelcheck, for high throughput analyses of sensory quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) data was recently developed (www.panelcheck.com) including visual tools for simple mixed models for such multi-attribute data. Due to the simplicity in use, the tool is now used extensively globally. The scope of the mixed modelling in Panelcheck, however, is limited in several ways. In 2014 a new tool, Consumercheck will be released extending the scope of the tool to also include consumer preference data together with background data on as well products as on consumers. Among the available methods in Consumercheck is a user friendly approach for rather general linear mixed modelling of such data avoiding the mixed model limitations that characterises Panelcheck. The mixed model tools of Consumercheck is based on the newly developed R-packages lmerTest, Kuznetsova, Brockhoff & Christensen (2013) and SensMixed, Kuznetsova, Brockhoff & Christensen (2013) – again based on the lme4-package. In lmerTest, among other things, automated model selection procedures are available to facilitate more easy access to proper mixed modelling for challenging structured situations, Kuznetsova et al (2014). Also recently, the so-called Mixed Assessor Model (MAM) was proposed by Brockhoff, Schlich & Skovgaard (2014) as an improved mixed model analysis of sensory data more properly taking into account the inherent effects of individual differences in perceptive scale use in such data. The MAM approach, however, was introduced in a rather restricted setting. In this poster we present the novel combination of the MAM approach with a more general mixed modelling approach covering now any relevant sensory and consumer data situation. These extensions will be part of the currently developing R-package SensMixed. The approach will be illustrated on a data set from the company Bang and Olufsen A/S, Struer, Denmark. The purpose of this study was to evaluate 90 combinations of 6 car sound systems, 3 reproduction sound pressure level and 5 different tracks. A trained audio panel composed by 10 panellists evaluated the 90 products for 8 different sensory attributes in 2 replications.
Original languageDanish
Title of host publicationProceedings of International Biometric Conference
Number of pages1
PublisherInternational Biometric Society
Publication date2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Biometric Conference - Florence, Italy
Duration: 6 Jul 201411 Jul 2014

Conference

ConferenceInternational Biometric Conference
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityFlorence
Period06/07/201411/07/2014
SeriesIBS International Biometric Conference. Proceeding

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