Localized Protection of Radial DC Microgrids with High Penetration of Constant Power Loads

Navid Bayati, Hamid Reza Baghaee, Amin Hajizadeh, Mohsen N. Soltani

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)
148 Downloads (Pure)


This paper proposes a localized protection scheme for DC microgrids with radial configuration under the impact of CPLs to determine the location of faults accurately. The proposed fault location scheme is primarily designed for fault location of CPLs in DC Microgrids. First, a local protection relay for CPL is designed based on the transient behavior of the current and voltage in the main distribution line. Then, the estimation of the fault resistance is formulated based on the power-sharing in the system to improve the accuracy of the protection system. To realize a robust protection scheme considering the variation of fault resistance, a fault resistance estimation procedure is employed to design a system that locates both low- and HIFs. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed strategy is evaluated based on offline digital time-domain simulations in Digsilent PowerFactory software environment and experimentally verified by implementing on a laboratory scale hardware setup. The obtained simulation and experimental test results, and comparison with other methods prove that the proposed method scheme is immune against these disturbances and can efficiently and reliably estimate the location and resistance of faults with high accuracy and acceptable error margin.
Original languageEnglish
JournalI E E E Systems Journal
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)4145-4156
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021


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