The aims of the present study are to investigate biomechanical properties and provide mechanical analysis of contractility in ileum and colon in a neonatal maternal deprivation (NMD) irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) rat model. Mechanical testing was done on segments from ileum and colon in 25 IBS rats and 13 Control rats. Morphometric data were obtained from digitized images of the segments at no-load and zero-stress states. Pressure and diameter changes were measured during flow and ramp distensions under active and passive experimental conditions. Circumferential stresses (force per area) and strains (deformation) were computed with referenced to the zero-stress state. The contraction frequency was analyzed. Contraction thresholds and maximum contraction amplitude were calculated in terms of mechanical stress and strain. Compared with controls, the IBS rats had lower body weight (P < 0.01), smaller colonic opening angle (P < 0.05), higher colonic contraction frequency (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01) and lower contraction thresholds of pressure, stress and strain in both ileum and colon (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01). The maximum contraction pressure, stress and strain did not differ between IBS and Control groups (P > 0.05). In conclusion, the pressure, stress, and strain to evoke contractility in ileum and colon were lower whereas the frequency of induced colon contractions was higher in NMD IBS rats compared to normal rats. Furthermore, zero-stress state remodeling occur in colon in NMD IBS rats. Further studies on the association between intestinal biomechanical properties, hypersensitivity and afferent signaling in the IBS animal models are warranted.
|Journal||Journal of Biomechanics|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Aug 2019|
- Contraction threshold
- Maximum contraction