Mechanical properties of transparent sodium phosphosilicate glass-ceramics

Qi Zhang, Rasmus Christensen, Mikkel Sandfeld Bødker, Tao Du, Theany To, Francisco Munoz*, Mathieu Bauchy, Morten Mattrup Smedskjær*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Glass-ceramics feature excellent mechanical properties but tend to lack transparency due to the presence of large crystals with a different refractive index from the matrix glass. Here, we investigate the relationship between the heterogeneous microstructure, mechanical properties (hardness, crack resistance, and fracture toughness), and transparency in Na2O-P2O5-SiO2 glass-ceramics. The mechanical properties are determined by the combination of crystal type, content, and size, as well as the remaining glass-matrix structure. The crystal fraction and size increase upon heat treatment, whereas the network connectivity of the residual glass-matrix phase decreases. These observed changes have opposite effects on crack resistance and fracture toughness. Changes in crystallization behavior have a more significant effect on crack resistance relative to that on fracture toughness, while changes in crystal size have a more pronounced effect on fracture toughness. The glass-ceramic samples feature excellent transmittance and reach a maximum fracture toughness of 1.1MPam0.5.

Original languageEnglish
Article number063606
JournalPhysical Review Materials
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2023


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