Minimizing the Levelized Cost of Energy in Single-Phase Photovoltaic Systems with an Absolute Active Power Control

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Abstract

Several countries with considerable PhotoVoltaic (PV) installations are facing a challenge of overloading the power infrastructure during peak-power production hours. Regulations have been imposed on the PV systems, where more active power control should be flexibly performed. As an advanced control strategy, the Absolute Active Power Control (AAPC) can effectively solve the overloading issues by limiting the maximum possible PV power to a certain level (i.e., the power limitation), and also benefit the inverter reliability. However, its feasibility is challenged by the energy loss. An increase of the inverter lifetime and a reduction of the energy yield can alter the cost of energy, demanding an optimization of the power limitation. Therefore, aiming at minimizing the Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE), the power limit is optimized for the AAPC strategy in this paper. The optimization method is demonstrated on a 3-kW single-phase PV system considering a real-field mission profile (i.e., solar irradiance and ambient temperature). The optimization results have revealed that superior performance in terms of LCOE and energy production can be obtained by enabling the AAPC strategy, compared to the conventional PV inverter operating only in the maximum power point tracking mode. In the presented case study, the minimum of LCOE is achieved for the system when the power limit is optimized to a certain level of the designed maximum feed-in power (i.e., 3 kW). In addition, the proposed LCOE-based analysis method can be used in the design of PV inverters considering mission profiles.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2015 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)
Number of pages7
PublisherIEEE Press
Publication dateSep 2015
Pages28-34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015
Event2015 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE) - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 20 Sep 201524 Sep 2015

Conference

Conference2015 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE)
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period20/09/201524/09/2015

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