Modelling and Evaluation of Heating Strategies for High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Stacks

Søren Juhl Andreasen, Søren Knudsen Kær

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experiments were conducted on two different cathode air cooled high temperature PEM (HTPEM) fuel cell stacks; a 30 cell 400W prototype stack using two bipolar plates per cell, and a 65 cell 1 kW commercial stack using one bipolar plate per cell. The work seeks to examine the use of different heating strategies and find a strategy suited for fast startup of the HTPEM fuel cell stacks. Fast start-up of these high temperature systems enables use in a wide range of applications, such as automotive and auxiliary power units, where immediate system response is needed. The development of a dynamic model to simulate the temperature development of a fuel cell stack during heating can be used for assistance in system and control design. The heating strategies analyzed and tested reduced the startup time of one of the fuel cell stacks from 1 h to about 6 min.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume33
Issue number17
Pages (from-to)4655-4664
Number of pages10
ISSN0360-3199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2008

Fingerprint

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
fuel cells
Fuel cells
electrolytes
membranes
Heating
heating
evaluation
polymers
cells
Temperature
Dynamic models
Cathodes
dynamic models
systems engineering
Air
cathodes
prototypes
Experiments
air

Keywords

  • fuel cells
  • heating
  • control
  • PEM
  • high temperature

Cite this

@article{d2e07ce0224811dd9b07000ea68e967b,
title = "Modelling and Evaluation of Heating Strategies for High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Stacks",
abstract = "Experiments were conducted on two different cathode air cooled high temperature PEM (HTPEM) fuel cell stacks; a 30 cell 400W prototype stack using two bipolar plates per cell, and a 65 cell 1 kW commercial stack using one bipolar plate per cell. The work seeks to examine the use of different heating strategies and find a strategy suited for fast startup of the HTPEM fuel cell stacks. Fast start-up of these high temperature systems enables use in a wide range of applications, such as automotive and auxiliary power units, where immediate system response is needed. The development of a dynamic model to simulate the temperature development of a fuel cell stack during heating can be used for assistance in system and control design. The heating strategies analyzed and tested reduced the startup time of one of the fuel cell stacks from 1 h to about 6 min.",
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author = "Andreasen, {S{\o}ren Juhl} and K{\ae}r, {S{\o}ren Knudsen}",
year = "2008",
month = "9",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.05.076",
language = "English",
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journal = "International Journal of Hydrogen Energy",
issn = "0360-3199",
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}

Modelling and Evaluation of Heating Strategies for High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Stacks. / Andreasen, Søren Juhl; Kær, Søren Knudsen.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 33, No. 17, 07.09.2008, p. 4655-4664.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modelling and Evaluation of Heating Strategies for High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell Stacks

AU - Andreasen, Søren Juhl

AU - Kær, Søren Knudsen

PY - 2008/9/7

Y1 - 2008/9/7

N2 - Experiments were conducted on two different cathode air cooled high temperature PEM (HTPEM) fuel cell stacks; a 30 cell 400W prototype stack using two bipolar plates per cell, and a 65 cell 1 kW commercial stack using one bipolar plate per cell. The work seeks to examine the use of different heating strategies and find a strategy suited for fast startup of the HTPEM fuel cell stacks. Fast start-up of these high temperature systems enables use in a wide range of applications, such as automotive and auxiliary power units, where immediate system response is needed. The development of a dynamic model to simulate the temperature development of a fuel cell stack during heating can be used for assistance in system and control design. The heating strategies analyzed and tested reduced the startup time of one of the fuel cell stacks from 1 h to about 6 min.

AB - Experiments were conducted on two different cathode air cooled high temperature PEM (HTPEM) fuel cell stacks; a 30 cell 400W prototype stack using two bipolar plates per cell, and a 65 cell 1 kW commercial stack using one bipolar plate per cell. The work seeks to examine the use of different heating strategies and find a strategy suited for fast startup of the HTPEM fuel cell stacks. Fast start-up of these high temperature systems enables use in a wide range of applications, such as automotive and auxiliary power units, where immediate system response is needed. The development of a dynamic model to simulate the temperature development of a fuel cell stack during heating can be used for assistance in system and control design. The heating strategies analyzed and tested reduced the startup time of one of the fuel cell stacks from 1 h to about 6 min.

KW - brændselsceller, vedvarende energi

KW - opvarmning

KW - regulering

KW - PEM

KW - high temperature

KW - fuel cells

KW - heating

KW - control

KW - PEM

KW - high temperature

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.05.076

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.05.076

M3 - Journal article

VL - 33

SP - 4655

EP - 4664

JO - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

JF - International Journal of Hydrogen Energy

SN - 0360-3199

IS - 17

ER -